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Panel Data Gravity Models of International Trade

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  • Badi H. Baltagi
  • Peter Egger
  • Michael Pfaffermayr

Abstract

One of the oldest and largest literatures in empirical economics is concerned with the estimation of demand and supply of goods, services, and factors across national or subnational borders (see Leamer and Levinsohn, 1995). The respective empirical models specified and estimated are often referred to as gravity models, accruing to their functional-form similarity to Newton’s law of gravity in physics. As Newton’s model, gravity models of international trade or factor flows are (at least) double-indexed, involving a region or country of origin and a region or country of destination. Pooling such demand equations across pairs or regional units or even across cross-sectional units and time inevitably leads to a panel data structure of the data. This chapter is concerned with a host of issues that arise with the estimation of such models, respecting their panel econometric generic structure. The issues covered range from the estimation of double-indexed versus higher-indexed models, the estimation of fixed effects versus random effects models, issues of endogeneity, of approximation, estimation with missing or zero trade flow data, structural versus reduced-form estimation, the role of dynamics or cross-sectional dependence, and issues with specific applications.

Suggested Citation

  • Badi H. Baltagi & Peter Egger & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2014. "Panel Data Gravity Models of International Trade," CESifo Working Paper Series 4616, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4616
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    Cited by:

    1. Thorvaldur Gylfason & Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso & Per Magnus Wijkman, 2015. "Free Trade Agreements, Institutions and the Exports of Eastern Partnership Countries," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(6), pages 1214-1229, November.
    2. Thorbecke, Willem, 2015. "China–US trade: A global outlier," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 47-58.
    3. Willem Thorbecke, 2015. "Enjoying the Fruits of Their Labor: Redirecting Exports to Asian Consumers," Asian Development Review, MIT Press, vol. 32(2), pages 95-114, September.
    4. Camarero, Mariam & Gómez, Estrella & Tamarit, Cecilio, 2014. "Is the ‘euro effect’ on trade so small after all? New evidence using gravity equations with panel cointegration techniques," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 124(1), pages 140-142.
    5. de Mello-Sampayo, Felipa, 2014. "Gravity for Outsourcing: an Application with Input-Output Dataset," MPRA Paper 59843, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Elisa Borghi & Rodolfo Helg & Lucia Tajoli, 2014. "Trade effects of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership," LIUC Papers in Economics 279, Cattaneo University (LIUC).
    7. Valeriano Martínez-San Román & Marta Bengoa & Blanca Sánchez-Robles, 2016. "Foreign direct investment, trade integration and the home bias: evidence from the European Union," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 197-229, February.
    8. Thorbecke, Willem, 2017. "How Would a Slowdown in the People’s Republic of China Affect its Trading Partners?," ADBI Working Papers 634, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    9. Magerman, Glenn & Studnicka, Zuzanna & Van Hove, Jan, 2016. "Distance and border effects in international trade: A comparison of estimation methods," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 10, pages 1-31.
    10. Figueiredo, Erik & Lima, Luiz Renato & Loures, Alexandre & Oliveira, Celina, 2014. "Uma Análise para o Efeito-Fronteira no Brasil," Revista Brasileira de Economia - RBE, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 68(4), October.
    11. Fiorentini, Riccardo & Verashchagina, Alina, 2017. "Immigration and trade: the case study of Veneto region in Italy," 2017 Sixth AIEAA Conference, June 15-16, Piacenza, Italy 261261, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA).
    12. Riccardo Fiorentini & Alina Verashchagina, 2017. "Immigration and Trade: The Case Study of Veneto Region in Italy," Working Papers 03/2017, University of Verona, Department of Economics.
    13. repec:taf:jitecd:v:26:y:2017:i:3:p:277-294 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Thorbecke, Willem, 2017. "Investigating Imbalances in Manufacturing Trade," RIEI Working Papers 2017-07, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Research Institute for Economic Integration.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    panel data; gravity models; international trade;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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