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Does German Development Aid Promote German Exports?

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  • Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada
  • Nowak-Lehmann D., Felicitas
  • Klasen, Stefan
  • Larch, Mario

Abstract

This paper uses a static and dynamic gravity model of trade to investigate the link between German development aid and exports from Germany to the recipient country. The findings indicate that German aid is associated with an increase in exports of goods that is larger than the aid flow, with a point estimate of 133% of the aid given. The paper also distinguishes among recipient countries and finds that the return to aid of German exports is higher for countries considered as "strategic aid recipients" by the German government. In addition, the evolution of the estimated coefficients over time shows an effect that is always positive but oscillates over time. Interestingly, in the 2001-2005 a steady increase on the effect of aid on trade can be observed after a decrease in the second half of the nineties.

Suggested Citation

  • Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada & Nowak-Lehmann D., Felicitas & Klasen, Stefan & Larch, Mario, 2008. "Does German Development Aid Promote German Exports?," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Zurich 2008 26, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:gdec08:26
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Felicitas Nowak-Lehmann D. & Inmaculada Mart�nez-Zarzoso & Stephan Klasen & Dierk Herzer, 2009. "Aid and Trade - A Donor's Perspective," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(7), pages 1184-1202, August.
    2. Dreher, Axel & Fuchs, Andreas & Langlotz, Sarah, 2019. "The effects of foreign aid on refugee flows," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 127-147.
    3. Fuchs, Andreas & Müller, Angelika, 2018. "Democracy and aid donorship," Kiel Working Papers 2113, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. Oxana Babecká Kucharčuková & Jan Babecký & Martin Raiser, 2012. "Gravity Approach for Modelling International Trade in South-Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States: The Role of Geography, Policy and Institutions," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 23(2), pages 277-301, April.
    5. Kruse, Hendrik W. & Martínez-Zarzoso, Inma, 2016. "Transfers in the gravity equation: The case of foreign aid," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 288, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    6. Léopold BIARDEAU, 2017. "L’impact de l’aide au développement sur les flux commerciaux entre pays donateurs et pays récipiendaires," Working Paper 464d860e-562e-4ae7-98f5-1, Agence française de développement.
    7. Macias, Jose Brambila & Massa, Isabella & Salois, Matthew J., 2010. "The Impact of Financial Crises on Trade Flows: A Developing Country Perspective," 84th Annual Conference, March 29-31, 2010, Edinburgh, Scotland 91831, Agricultural Economics Society.
    8. Konstantin M. Wacker, 2011. "Do multinationals beat down developing countries' export prices? The impact of FDI on net barter terms of trade," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 211, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
    9. Badi H. Baltagi & Peter Egger & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2014. "Panel Data Gravity Models of International Trade," CESifo Working Paper Series 4616, CESifo.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid

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