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Trade performance and potential of North African countries: An application of a stochastic frontier gravity model

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  • Tamini, Lota D.
  • Chebbi, Houssem Eddine
  • Abbassi, Abdessalem

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyze trade potential versus actual realized trade among North African trading partners. Following the literature on production economics, we built a stochastic frontier gravity model. The underlying assumption is that all deviations from trade potential is not due to white noise but may also be due to inefficiencies. Time-variant country-specific trade efficiency estimates are obtained and analyzed. Our results indicate that Mauritania, as a country both of destination and of origin, is where the region’s trading relationship is the least efficient. Tunisia, followed by Morocco, faces the fewest behind- and beyond-the-border effects. Our analysis of market integration and trade efficiency at the disaggregated level indicates that trade efficiency scores exhibit high variability between categories of products. Moreover, North African market integration is worst when considering the goods from “Textiles; Footwear & Headgear†category. Our estimates indicate that trade efficiency for agricultural products is relatively low, indicating the existence of significant behind- and beyond-the-border inefficiencies. Our estimates also underline the importance of improving domestic policies to encourage entrepreneurial development and business facilities.

Suggested Citation

  • Tamini, Lota D. & Chebbi, Houssem Eddine & Abbassi, Abdessalem, 2016. "Trade performance and potential of North African countries: An application of a stochastic frontier gravity model," AGRODEP working papers 33, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:agrowp:33
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    Cited by:

    1. Memduh Alper Demir & Mustafa Bilik & Utku Utkulu, 2017. "The Impact of Competitiveness on Trade Efficiency: The Asian Experience by Using the Stochastic Frontier Gravity Model," Eurasian Journal of Economics and Finance, , vol. 5(4), pages 1-15.
    2. Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla & Mohammed Elhaj Mustafa Ali, 2018. "Assessing the Intra-Arab Trade Integration and Potential: Evidence from Stochastic Frontier Gravity Model," Working Papers 1247, Economic Research Forum, revised 07 Nov 2018.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    NORTH AFRICA; AFRICA; trade; trade policies; gravity model; stochistic frontier analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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