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Pollution Policy and Trade Liberalization of Environmental Goods

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  • Alain-Désiré Nimubona

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Abstract

During the Doha Round at the World Trade Organization, reductions in trade barriers on environmental goods (EG) were put forward as a means of helping developed and developing countries alike deal with current environmental problems. We examine the potential effectiveness of such a strategy in a developing country that imports all its consumption of EG from an imperfectly competitive foreign eco-industry. We point out that trade liberalization of EG might in fact lead to less stringent pollution taxes, which can result in an actual rise in pollution levels. We then show that the environmental effectiveness objective of this trade reform can be achieved when the regulator uses quantitative abatement standards as an alternative pollution policy instrument. However, this environmental achievement comes at the expense of social welfare. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Suggested Citation

  • Alain-Désiré Nimubona, 2012. "Pollution Policy and Trade Liberalization of Environmental Goods," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 53(3), pages 323-346, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:enreec:v:53:y:2012:i:3:p:323-346
    DOI: 10.1007/s10640-012-9564-4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Damien Sans & Sonia Schwartz & Hubert Stahn, 2015. "On Abatement Services: Market Power and Efficient Environmental Regulation," Working Papers halshs-01182200, HAL.
    2. repec:eee:jeeman:v:84:y:2017:i:c:p:44-61 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Bouwe R. Dijkstra & Anuj J. Mathew, 2016. "Liberalizing trade in environmental goods and services," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 18(4), pages 499-526, October.
    4. Idrissa G.-O. Sibailly, 2015. "On the pigouvian tax rule in an open economy: the case of abatement technology trade," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 35(4), pages 2733-2741.
    5. Natalia Zugravu-Soilita, 2017. "Trade in Environmental Goods: Empirical Exploration of Direct and Indirect Effects on Pollution by Country’s Trade Status," Working Papers 2017.56, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    6. Damien Sans & Sonia Schwartz & Hubert Stahn, 2014. "About Polluting Eco-Industries: Optimal Provision of Abatement Goods and Pigouvian Fees," Working Papers halshs-01083464, HAL.
    7. Wei, Wenjie, 2014. "Welfare and Environmental Effects of Subsidies and Tariffs in North-South Trade in Renewable Energy Equipment," 2014 Conference (58th), February 4-7, 2014, Port Macquarie, Australia 165887, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    8. repec:spr:envpol:v:20:y:2018:i:4:d:10.1007_s10018-018-0215-z is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Damien Sans, 2015. "Optimal Taxation Rule Reversal in the Presence of Gentle Polluters and Greedy Cleaners," Working Papers halshs-01247190, HAL.
    10. Solveig Delabroye, 2014. "The Eco-Industry and Trade Agreements," CIRANO Working Papers 2014s-45, CIRANO.
    11. repec:kap:enreec:v:70:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10640-017-0110-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Zugravu-Soilita, Natalia, 2017. "Trade in Environmental Goods: Empirical Exploration of Direct and Indirect Effects on Pollution by Country’s Trade Status," EIA: Climate Change: Economic Impacts and Adaptation 266287, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
    13. Kim, Seung-Leul & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2016. "The licensing of eco-technology under emission taxation: Fixed fee vs. auction," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 343-357.
    14. Michaël Aklin, 2016. "Re-exploring the Trade and Environment Nexus Through the Diffusion of Pollution," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 64(4), pages 663-682, August.
    15. M. Zillur Rahman, 2013. "Relationship between Trade Openness and Carbon Emission: A Case of Bangladesh," Journal of Empirical Economics, Research Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 1(4), pages 126-134.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Eco-industry; Environmental goods; Environmental regulation; Trade and environment; Trade liberalization; F12; F18; H23; Q58;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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