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Environmental Regulation and the Eco-industry

Author

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  • Maia David
  • Bernard Sinclair-Desgagné

Abstract

This paper re-examines environmental regulation, under the assumption that pollution abatement technologies and services are provided by an imperfectly competitive environment industry. It is shown that each regulatory instrument (emission taxes and quotas; design standards; and voluntary agreements) has a specific impact on the price-elasticity of the polluters' demand for abatement services, hence on the market power of the eco-industry and the resulting cost of abatement. This implies that the optimal pollution tax will be higher than the marginal cost of pollution damage, while a voluntary approach to pollution abatement may fail unless the eco-industry itself is properly regulated. Cet article reconsidère la réglementation environnementale, sous l'hypothèse que les technologies et services de réduction de la pollution sont offerts par des entreprises spécialisées formant un oligopole. On y montre que chaque approche réglementaire (taxes et quotas sur les émissions polluantes, normes techniques, ou approches volontaires) a un impact particulier sur l'élasticité-prix de la demande de services en dépollution, donc sur le pouvoir de marché de l'éco-industrie et les coûts de réduction de la pollution. Ceci entraîne, entre autres, qu'une taxe optimale sur les émissions devrait être supérieure au coût marginal des dommages associés à celles-ci, tandis qu'une approche volontaire de réduction des émissions polluantes peut se révéler inopérante si les pratiques de marché de l'éco-industrie ne sont pas elles-mêmes correctement réglementées.

Suggested Citation

  • Maia David & Bernard Sinclair-Desgagné, 2004. "Environmental Regulation and the Eco-industry," CIRANO Working Papers 2004s-42, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2004s-42
    as

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    File URL: https://cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/2004s-42.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    pollution regulation; end-of-pipe pollution abatement; environment industry; régulation de la pollution; réduction en bout de chaîne de la pollution; industries environnementales;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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