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Measures, drivers and effects of green employment : evidence form US local labor markets, 2006-2014

Author

Listed:
  • Francesco Vona

    (OFCE - Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques (Sciences Po) - Sciences Po - Sciences Po)

  • Giovanni Marin

    (Università degli Studi di Urbino 'Carlo Bo')

  • Davide Consoli

    (INGENIO - Instituto de Gestión de la Innovación y del Conocimiento = Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management - CSIC - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas [España] = Spanish National Research Council [Spain] - UPV - Universitat Politècnica de València = Universitad Politecnica de Valencia = Polytechnic University of Valencia)

Abstract

This paper explores the nature and the key empirical regularities ofgreen employment in US local labor markets between 2006 and 2014. Weconstruct a new measure of green employment based on the task contentof occupations. Descriptive analysis reveals the following: 1. the share of green employment oscillates between 2 and 3 percent, and its trend isstrongly pro-cyclical; 2. green jobs yield a 4 percent wage premium; 3.despite moderate catching-up across areas, green jobs remain more geographically concentrated than similar non-green jobs; and 4. the top greenareas are mostly high-tech. As regards the drivers, changes in environmental regulation are a secondary force compared to the local endowment of green knowledge and resilience in the face of the great recession. To assess the impact of moving to greener activities, we estimate that one additional green job is associated with 4.2 (2.4 in the crisis period) newjobs in non-tradable activities in the local economies.

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  • Francesco Vona & Giovanni Marin & Davide Consoli, 2016. "Measures, drivers and effects of green employment : evidence form US local labor markets, 2006-2014," Working Papers hal-03469921, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-03469921
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://sciencespo.hal.science/hal-03469921
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Green employment; Local labor markets; Environmental regulation; Environmental technologies; Local multipliers;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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