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Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: Evidence from US Local Labor Markets, 2006-2014

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  • Francesco Vona

    () (Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE), France; Universite Cote d'Azur, SKEMA, CNRS, GREDEG, France.)

  • Giovanni Marin

    () (Department of Economics, Society and Politics, University of Urbino `Carlo Bo', Italy.)

  • Davide Consoli

    () (ZINGENIO[CSIC-UPV], Valencia, Spain.)

Abstract

This paper explores the nature and the key empirical regularities of green employment in US local labor markets between 2006 and 2014. The main methodological novelty consists of a new measure of green employment based on the task content of occupations. Descriptive analysis reveals that: 1. the share of green employment is between 2 and 3 percent, with a strongly pro-cyclical trend; 2. the green wage premium is 4 percent; 3. green jobs are more geographically concentrated than similar non-green jobs; and 4. the top green areas are mostly high-tech. As regards to the drivers, direct changes in environmental regulation are a secondary force in explaining the 8-years growth of green jobs compared to the local amount of green subsidies within the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the endowment of green knowledge and the resilience to the great recession. Assessing the impact of moving to greener activities, we find that one additional green job is associated with 4.2 (2.2 in the crisis period) new local jobs in non-tradable activities, and that this effect can be mostly ascribed to the green ARRA package.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesco Vona & Giovanni Marin & Davide Consoli, 2017. "Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: Evidence from US Local Labor Markets, 2006-2014," SPRU Working Paper Series 2017-13, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
  • Handle: RePEc:sru:ssewps:2017-13
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    Cited by:

    1. Lionel Nesta & Elena Verdolini & Francesco Vona, 2018. "Threshold Policy Effects and Directed Technical Change in Energy Innovation," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2018-05, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    2. Nicol˜ Barbieri, Davide Consoli & Davide Consoli, 2017. "Regional diversification and green employment in US Metropolitan Areas," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1727, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Oct 2017.
    3. Davide Consoli & Mabel Sánchez-Barrioluengo, 2016. "Polarization and the growth of low-skill employment in Spanish Local Labor Markets," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1628, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Nov 2016.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Green employment; local labor markets; task-based approach; local multipliers; green American Recovery and Reinvestment Act; environmental policies;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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