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Trade liberalization and the environment: Evidence from NAFTA and U.S. manufacturing

Listed author(s):
  • Cherniwchan, Jevan

The unobserved responses of individual polluters are often used to rationalize the aggregate effects of international trade on the environment. In this paper, I provide the first evidence of these responses. I estimate the effects of NAFTA on the emissions of particulate matter (PM10) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) from manufacturing plants in the United States. My findings suggest that trade liberalization led to significant reductions of these pollutants at affected plants. On average, nearly two-thirds of the reductions in PM10 and SO2 emissions from the U.S. manufacturing sector between 1994 and 1998 can be attributed to trade liberalization following NAFTA.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022199617300077
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of International Economics.

Volume (Year): 105 (2017)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 130-149

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Handle: RePEc:eee:inecon:v:105:y:2017:i:c:p:130-149
DOI: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2017.01.005
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505552

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