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Do green jobs differ from non-green jobs in terms of skills and human capital?

Author

Listed:
  • Davide Consoli

    () (INGENIO CSIC-UPV, Valencia (Spain))

  • Giovanni Marin

    () (IRCrES-CNR, Milano (Italy); OFCE-SciencesPo, Sophia Antipolis (France))

  • Alberto Marzucchi

    () (Catholic University of Milan (Italy), SPRU, University of Sussex, Brighton (UK))

  • Francesco Vona

    () (OFCE-SciencesPo, Sophia Antipolis (France), SKEMA Business School, Sophia Antipolis (France))

Abstract

This paper elaborates an empirical analysis of labour force characteristics associated to environmental sustainability. Using data on the United States we compare green and non-green occupations to detect differences in terms of skill content and of human capital. Our empirical profiling reveals that green jobs use high-level abstract skills significantly more than non-green jobs. Moreover, green occupations exhibit higher levels of education, work experience and on-the-job training. While preliminary, this exploratory exercise calls attention to an underdeveloped theme, namely the labour market implications associated with the transition towards green growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Davide Consoli & Giovanni Marin & Alberto Marzucchi & Francesco Vona, 2015. "Do green jobs differ from non-green jobs in terms of skills and human capital?," SEEDS Working Papers 1015, SEEDS, Sustainability Environmental Economics and Dynamics Studies, revised May 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:srt:wpaper:1015
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    1. repec:eee:resene:v:49:y:2017:i:c:p:86-98 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Nicolò Barbieri & Alberto Marzucchi & Ugo Rizzo, 2018. "Knowledge sources and impacts on subsequent inventions: Do green technologies differ from non-green ones?," SPRU Working Paper Series 2018-11, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
    3. Sandro Montresor & Francesco Quatraro,, 2018. "Green Technologies and Smart Specialisation Strategies: A European Patent-Based Analysis of the Intertwining of Technological Relatedness and Key-Enabling-Technologies," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 201808, University of Turin.
    4. Francesco Vona & G. Marin & D. Consoli, 2016. "Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment : evidence from US local Labor Markets, 2006-2014," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2016-22, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    5. Marzucchi, Alberto & Montresor, Sandro, 2017. "Forms of knowledge and eco-innovation modes: Evidence from Spanish manufacturing firms," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 208-221.
    6. Mariana Mazzucato, 2015. "From Market Fixing to Market-Creating: A New Framework for Economic Policy," SPRU Working Paper Series 2015-25, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
    7. repec:iab:iabdpa:201814 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Phil Johnstone & Andy Stirling, 2015. "Comparing Nuclear Power Trajectories inGermany And the UK: From ‘Regimes’ to ‘Democracies’ in Sociotechnical Transitions and Discontinuities," SPRU Working Paper Series 2015-18, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
    9. Riccardo Leoncini & Alberto Marzucchi & Sandro Montresor & Francesco Rentocchini & Ugo Rizzo, 2016. "‘Better late than never’: a longitudinal quantile regression approach to the interplay between green technology and age for firm growth," SEEDS Working Papers 0616, SEEDS, Sustainability Environmental Economics and Dynamics Studies, revised May 2016.
    10. Javier Lopez Gonzalez & Valentina Meliciani & Maria Savona, 2015. "When Linder Meets Hirschman: Inter-Industry Linkages and Global Value Chains in Business Services," SPRU Working Paper Series 2015-20, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
    11. Nicol˜ Barbieri, Davide Consoli & Davide Consoli, 2017. "Regional diversification and green employment in US Metropolitan Areas," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1727, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Oct 2017.
    12. Ghisetti, Claudia & Quatraro, Francesco, 2017. "Green Technologies and Environmental Productivity: A Cross-sectoral Analysis of Direct and Indirect Effects in Italian Regions," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 1-13.
    13. repec:eee:respol:v:47:y:2018:i:6:p:1018-1031 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Valeria Costantini & Francesco Crespi & Elena Paglialunga, 2017. "The Employment Impact Of Private And Public Actions For Energy Efficiency: Evidence From European Industries," Departmental Working Papers of Economics - University 'Roma Tre' 0227, Department of Economics - University Roma Tre.
    15. repec:eee:ecolec:v:144:y:2018:i:c:p:228-243 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Bowen, Alex & Kuralbayeva, Karlygash & Tipoe, Eileen L., 2018. "Characterising green employment: the impacts of ‘greening’ on workforce composition," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 88283, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Skills; Green Jobs; Task Model; Human Capital;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General

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