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Climate policies and skill-biased employment dynamics : evidence from EU countries

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  • Giovanni Marin

    (University of Urbino "Carlo Bo" SEEDS Ferrara, Italy)

  • Francesco Vona

    (OFCE & Sciences Po Paris)

Abstract

The political acceptability of climate policies is undermined by job-killing arguments, especially for the least-skilled workers. However, evidence for distributional impacts for different workers remains scant. We examine the associations between climate policies, proxied by energy prices and a stringency index, and workforce skills for 14 European countries and 15 industrial sectors over the period of 1995-2011. We find that, while the long-term decline in employment in most carbon-intensive sectors is unrelated to policy stringency, climate policies have been skill biased against manual workers and have favoured technicians and professionals. This skill bias is confirmed using a shift-share instrumental variable estimator

Suggested Citation

  • Giovanni Marin & Francesco Vona, 2018. "Climate policies and skill-biased employment dynamics : evidence from EU countries," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2018-23, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  • Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:1823
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    Cited by:

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    3. Ara Jo, 2020. "The Elasticity of Substitution between Clean and Dirty Energy with Technological Bias," CER-ETH Economics working paper series 20/344, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH) at ETH Zurich.
    4. Lucas Bretschger & Karen Pittel, 2019. "Twenty Key Questions in Environmental and Resource Economics," CER-ETH Economics working paper series 19/328, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH) at ETH Zurich.
    5. Filippo Bontadini & Francesco Vona, 2020. "Anatomy of Green Specialization: Evidence from EU Production Data, 1995-2015," Sciences Po publications 21, Sciences Po.
    6. Lucas Bretschger & Karen Pittel, 2020. "Twenty Key Challenges in Environmental and Resource Economics," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 77(4), pages 725-750, December.
    7. Jean-Luc Gaffard, 2021. "La transition écologique : incertitude, irréversibilité et modèle institutionnel," GREDEG Working Papers 2021-04, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), Université Côte d'Azur, France, revised Feb 2021.
    8. Marin, Giovanni & Vona, Francesco, 2021. "The impact of energy prices on socioeconomic and environmental performance: Evidence from French manufacturing establishments, 1997–2015," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 135(C).
    9. Luigi Aldieri & Cristian Barra & Nazzareno Ruggiero & Concetto Paolo Vinci, 2021. "Green Energies, Employment, and Institutional Quality: Some Evidence for the OECD," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(6), pages 1-21, March.
    10. Bijnens, Gert & Hutchinson, John & Konings, Jozef & Saint-Guilhem, Arthur, 2021. "The interplay between green policy, electricity prices, financial constraints and jobs: firm-level evidence," Working Paper Series 2537, European Central Bank.
    11. Rutzer, Christian & Niggli, Matthias, 2020. "Environmental Policy and Heterogeneous Labor Market Effects: Evidence from Europe," Working papers 2020/09, Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel.
    12. Laura Nowzohour, 2021. "Can adjustment costs in research derail the transition to green growth?," CIES Research Paper series 67-2021, Centre for International Environmental Studies, The Graduate Institute.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Climate policies; workforce skills; cluster analysis; multiple exposure to sturctural shocks;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects

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