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STEM Workers, H-1B Visas, and Productivity in US Cities

In: The Economics of International Migration

Listed author(s):
  • Giovanni Peri
  • Kevin Shih
  • Chad Sparber
Registered author(s):

    Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workers are fundamental inputs for innovation, the main driver of productivity growth. We identify the long-run effect of STEM employment growth on outcomes for native workers across 219 US cities from 1990 to 2010. We use the 1980 distribution of foreign-born STEM workers and variation in the H-1B visa program to identify supply-driven STEM increases across cities. Increases in STEM workers are associated with significant wage gains for college-educated natives. Gains for non-college-educated natives are smaller but still significant. Our results imply that foreign STEM increased total factor productivity growth in US cities.

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    This chapter was published in:
  • Giovanni Peri, 2016. "The Economics of International Migration," World Scientific Books, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., number 9781, November.
  • This item is provided by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. in its series World Scientific Book Chapters with number 9789814719902_0009.
    Handle: RePEc:wsi:wschap:9789814719902_0009
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