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Structure par terme des taux d’intérêt et anticipations de la politique économique

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  • Bruno Ducoudre

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

Cette thèse porte sur la formation des anticipations de politique économique dans la structure par terme des taux d’intérêt. Le premier chapitre est consacré à l’étude de la détermination de la structure par terme des taux d’intérêt dans un cadre macroéconomique. Le deuxième chapitre étudie les effets de la communication des Banques centrales sur les taux d’intérêt. Nous exposons les arguments expliquant pourquoi elles refusent d’annoncer explicitement aux agents privés le niveau futur du taux de refinancement. Nous distinguons ensuite l’effet des décisions de celui des annonces de politique monétaire future sur la structure par terme en Zone Euro et aux Etats-Unis. Dans le troisième chapitre, nous présentons des estimations des effets de la politique budgétaire sur les taux. Selon nous, les politiques budgétaires n’auraient pas eu d’impact direct sur la fixation des taux courts par les autorités monétaires, et n’auraient pas non plus dans l’ensemble provoqué de hausse des taux réels de long terme sur la période considérée. Le quatrième chapitre revient sur les explications du bas niveau du taux long américain depuis 2004. Nous évaluons le Conundrum, et nous montrons que la forte hausse de la part de titres longs détenus par l’étranger dans la dette Fédérale permet d’expliquer une partie du Conundrum. Le cinquième chapitre traite des relations entre le taux de change d’équilibre, le taux long et la politique économique dans une petite économie ouverte. Nous développons une maquette dans laquelle les politiques économiques sont cohérentes intertemporellement. Nous montrons que le taux de change réel et le taux long d’équilibre sont contingents aux préférences des autorités.

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  • Bruno Ducoudre, 2008. "Structure par terme des taux d’intérêt et anticipations de la politique économique," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/5221, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/5221
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