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Recent and Prospective Trends in Real Long-Term Interest Rates: Fiscal Policy and other Drivers

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  • Anne-Marie Brook

Abstract

This paper documents some features of recent trends in bond yields and discusses the drivers of these trends. This includes a discussion of the relationship between fiscal balances and interest rates -- with a summary of key empirical results from the literature provided in the Appendix. The main points to emerge from this analysis are as follows. First, cyclical and portfolio-allocation factors seem to have been the main driving forces behind the decline in long-term real interest rates over 2000-2003. However, in some European countries, declining (inflation, exchange-rate, and sovereign) risk premia suggest that the equilibrium real interest rate may now be somewhat lower. Second, the weight of recent evidence suggests a causal relationship from fiscal positions to long-term interest rates, at least for the United States. Thus, the actual and projected deterioration in US fiscal positions might have contributed to the recent rise in bond yields, although part of the ... Évolution récente et perspectives des taux d'intérêt à long terme réels : Politique budgétaire et autres moteurs Ce document présente quelques caractéristiques des évolutions récentes des rendements obligataires et étudie les moteurs de ces évolutions. Cela comprend un débat sur la relation entre le solde budgétaire et les taux d’intérêt – avec un résumé des principaux résultats empiriques des études en la matière présentées à l’Appendice. Les points essentiels qui ressortent de cette analyse sont les suivants : Premièrement, que les facteurs conjoncturels et liés à l’allocation de portefeuille semblent avoir été les principaux moteurs de la baisse des taux d’intérêt à long terme réels entre 2000 et 2003. Dans certains pays européens, toutefois, la baisse des primes de risque (d’inflation, de change et souverain) semble indiquer que le taux d’intérêt réel d’équilibre se situe aujourd’hui un peu plus bas. Deuxièmement, les données récentes semblent pencher en faveur d’une relation de causalité entre les positions budgétaires et les taux d’intérêt à long terme, au moins pour les États-Unis ...

Suggested Citation

  • Anne-Marie Brook, 2003. "Recent and Prospective Trends in Real Long-Term Interest Rates: Fiscal Policy and other Drivers," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 367, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:367-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/514820262776
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bruno Ducoudré, 2005. "Fiscal policy and interest rates," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2005-08, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    2. António Afonso, 2011. "The Macroeconomic Effects of Fiscal Policy," Post-Print hal-00719484, HAL.
    3. Jawadi Fredj & Mallick Sushanta K. & Sousa Ricardo M., 2014. "Fiscal policy in the BRICs," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 18(2), pages 1-15, April.
    4. António AFONSO & Ricardo SOUSA, "undated". "Fiscal Policy, Housing and Stock Prices," EcoMod2010 259600005, EcoMod.
    5. Afonso, António & Sousa, Ricardo M., 2011. "What are the effects of fiscal policy on asset markets?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 1871-1890, July.
    6. Jérôme Creel & Bruno Ducoudré & Catherine Mathieu & Henri Sterdyniak, 2005. "Doit-on oublier la politique budgétaire ?. Une analyse critique de la nouvelle théorie anti-keynésienne des finances publiques," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 92(1), pages 43-97.
    7. Iris Claus & Aaron Gill & Boram Lee & Nathan McLellan, 2006. "An empirical investigation of fiscal policy in New Zealand," Treasury Working Paper Series 06/08, New Zealand Treasury.
    8. Denise Côté & Christopher Graham, 2004. "Convergence of Government Bond Yields in the Euro Zone: The Role of Policy Harmonization," Staff Working Papers 04-23, Bank of Canada.
    9. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1769 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. António Afonso & Ricardo M. Sousa, 2012. "The macroeconomic effects of fiscal policy," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(34), pages 4439-4454, December.
    11. Lillian Cheung & Chi-Sang Tam & Jessica Szeto, 2009. "Deteriorating Public Finances and Rising Government Debt: Implications for Monetary Policy," Working Papers 0915, Hong Kong Monetary Authority.
    12. Kiichi Tokuoka, 2010. "The Outlook for Financing Japan's Public Debt," IMF Working Papers 10/19, International Monetary Fund.
    13. Bruno Ducoudre, 2008. "Structure par terme des taux d’intérêt et anticipations de la politique économique," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/5221, Sciences Po.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    fiscal policy; international transmission; intérêt à long terme; long-term interest rates; positions budgétaires; transmission à l'échelon international;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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