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Financial Crises Explanations, Types, and Implications

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  • Mr. Stijn Claessens
  • Mr. Ayhan Kose

Abstract

This paper reviews the literature on financial crises focusing on three specific aspects. First, what are the main factors explaining financial crises? Since many theories on the sources of financial crises highlight the importance of sharp fluctuations in asset and credit markets, the paper briefly reviews theoretical and empirical studies on developments in these markets around financial crises. Second, what are the major types of financial crises? The paper focuses on the main theoretical and empirical explanations of four types of financial crises—currency crises, sudden stops, debt crises, and banking crises—and presents a survey of the literature that attempts to identify these episodes. Third, what are the real and financial sector implications of crises? The paper briefly reviews the short- and medium-run implications of crises for the real economy and financial sector. It concludes with a summary of the main lessons from the literature and future research directions.

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  • Mr. Stijn Claessens & Mr. Ayhan Kose, 2013. "Financial Crises Explanations, Types, and Implications," IMF Working Papers 2013/028, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:2013/028
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    WP; asset price; banking crisis; exchange rate; currency crisis; debt crisis; Sudden stops; debt crises; banking crises; currency crises; defaults; policy implications; financial restructuring; asset booms; credit booms; crises prediction; price bust; credit crunch; short-term debt; land speculation; flight to quality; crisis probability; Asset prices; Global; East Asia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F44 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Business Cycles
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • H12 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Crisis Management

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