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Runs on money market mutual funds

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  • Schmidt, Lawrence
  • Timmermann, Allan
  • Wermers, Russ

Abstract

We study daily money market mutual fund flows at the individual share class level during the crisis of September 2008. The empirical approach that we apply to this fine granularity of data brings new insights into the investor and portfolio holding characteristics that are conducive to run-risk in cash-like asset pools, as well as providing evidence on the time-series dynamics of runs and the equilibria that develop. We propose two identification approaches to test predictions of recent theoretical models with strategic complementarities and incomplete information. First, we study dynamic interactions between investors with differing levels of sophistication within the same money fund, thus holding constant the quality of the underlying portfolio. Second, we employ a novel quantile regression methodology to identify relationships between observable characteristics and tail outcomes. Our results provide considerable support for the theoretical predictions, providing some of the strongest empirical evidence to date on run-like behavior within intermediated asset pools during the financial crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Schmidt, Lawrence & Timmermann, Allan & Wermers, Russ, 2014. "Runs on money market mutual funds," CFR Working Papers 12-05 [rev.], University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cfrwps:1205r
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    3. Lewis, Craig M. & Schlag, Christian, 2014. "What does US money market mutual fund reform portend for the European Union?," SAFE White Paper Series 24, Goethe University Frankfurt, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe.
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    6. Toni Ahnert, 2016. "Rollover Risk, Liquidity and Macroprudential Regulation," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 48(8), pages 1753-1785, December.
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    10. Agarwal, Vikas & Zhao, Haibei, 2016. "Interfund lending in mutual fund families: Role of internal capital markets," CFR Working Papers 15-09 [rev.], University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    11. Majid Haghani Rizi & N. Kundan Kishor & Hardik A. Marfatia, 2019. "The dynamic relationship among the money market mutual funds, the commercial paper market, and the repo market," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(5), pages 395-414, March.
    12. Mathias S. Kruttli & Phillip J. Monin & Sumudu W. Watugala, 2017. "Investor Concentration, Flows, and Cash Holdings : Evidence from Hedge Funds," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-121, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US).
    13. Sultanum, Bruno, 2018. "Financial fragility and over-the-counter markets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 177(C), pages 616-658.
    14. O. de Bandt & J.-C. Héam & C. Labonne & S. Tavolaro, 2013. "Measuring Systemic Risk in a Post-Crisis World," Débats économiques et financiers 6, Banque de France.
    15. Robatto, Roberto, 2017. "Flight to liquidity and systemic bank runs," ESRB Working Paper Series 38, European Systemic Risk Board.
    16. Jonathan Witmer, 2017. "Strategic Complementarities and Money Market Fund Liquidity Management," Staff Working Papers 17-14, Bank of Canada.
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    18. Roberto Robatto, 2019. "Systemic Banking Panics, Liquidity Risk, and Monetary Policy," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 34, pages 20-42, October.
    19. Ahnert, Toni & Elamin, Mahmoud, 2014. "The Effect of Safe Assets on Financial Fragility in a Bank-Run Model," Working Papers (Old Series) 1437, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    20. Gallagher, Emily & Schmidt, Lawrence & Timmermann, Allan G & Wermers, Russ, 2017. "Transparency, Investor Information Acquisition, and Money Market Fund Risk Rebalancing during the 2011-12 Eurozone Crisis," CEPR Discussion Papers 11895, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    21. Nathan Foley-Fisher & Borghan N. Narajabad & Stephane Verani, 2016. "Securities Lending as Wholesale Funding : Evidence from the U.S. Life Insurance Industry," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-050, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US).
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    25. Emily Gallagher & Sean Collins, 2016. "Money Market Funds and the Prospect of a US Treasury Default," Quarterly Journal of Finance (QJF), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 6(01), pages 1-44, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    money market mutual funds; bank runs; strategic complementarities; quantile regression;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors

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