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Swing Pricing and Fragility in Open-end Mutual Funds

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Listed:
  • Dunhong Jin
  • Marcin Kacperczyk
  • Bige Kahraman
  • Felix Suntheim

Abstract

How to prevent runs on open-end mutual funds? In recent years, markets have observed an innovation that changed the way open-end funds are priced. Alternative pricing rules (known as swing pricing) adjust funds’ net asset values to pass on funds’ trading costs to transacting shareholders. Using unique data on investor transactions in U.K. corporate bond funds, we show that swing pricing eliminates the first-mover advantage arising from the traditional pricing rule and significantly reduces redemptions during stress periods. The positive impact of alternative pricing rules on fund flows reverses in calm periods when costs associated with higher tracking error dominate the pricing effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Dunhong Jin & Marcin Kacperczyk & Bige Kahraman & Felix Suntheim, 2019. "Swing Pricing and Fragility in Open-end Mutual Funds," IMF Working Papers 2019/227, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:2019/227
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Open-end Funds vs. ETFs: Lessons from the COVID Stress Test
      by Steve Cecchetti and Kim Schoenholtz in Money, Banking and Financial Markets on 2021-01-18 12:19:08
    2. Fix Money Funds Now
      by Steve Cecchetti and Kim Schoenholtz in Money, Banking and Financial Markets on 2021-01-04 12:12:06

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    3. Keister, Todd & Mitkov, Yuliyan, 2023. "Allocating losses: Bail-ins, bailouts and bank regulation," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 210(C).
    4. Dasgupta, Amil & Choi, Jaewon & Oh, Ji Yeol Jimmy, 2019. "Bond Funds and Credit Risk," CEPR Discussion Papers 14134, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Fricke, Daniel & Wilke, Hannes, 2020. "Connected Funds," VfS Annual Conference 2020 (Virtual Conference): Gender Economics 224511, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    6. Jannic Cutura & Gianpaolo Parise & Andreas Schrimpf, 2020. "Debt De-risking," BIS Working Papers 868, Bank for International Settlements.
    7. Antoine Baena & Thomas Garcia, 2023. "Swing Pricing et dynamique des flux au regard de la crise Covid-19," Working papers 914, Banque de France.
    8. Zhao Li & Kebin Ma, 2022. "Contagious Bank Runs and Committed Liquidity Support," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 68(12), pages 9152-9174, December.
    9. Stijn Claessens & Ulf Lewrick, 2022. "Open-ended bond funds: Systemic risks and policy implications," Aussenwirtschaft, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science, Swiss Institute for International Economics and Applied Economics Research, vol. 72(01), pages 45-62, December.
    10. Dannhauser, Caitlin D. & Spilker, Harold D., 2023. "The Modern Mutual Fund Family," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 148(1), pages 1-20.
    11. Grill, Michael & Molestina Vivar, Luis & Wedow, Michael, 2022. "Mutual fund suspensions during the COVID-19 market turmoil - asset liquidity, liquidity management tools and spillover effects," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 50(C).
    12. Hoerova, Marie & Breckenfelder, Johannes, 2023. "Do non-banks need access to the lender of last resort? Evidence from fund runs," CEPR Discussion Papers 18122, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Robert Czech, 2022. "Comment on "Open-ended bond funds: systemic risks and policy implications" by Stijn Claessens and Ulf Lewrick," Aussenwirtschaft, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science, Swiss Institute for International Economics and Applied Economics Research, vol. 72(01), pages 63-66, December.
    14. Thierry Roncalli, 2021. "Liquidity Stress Testing in Asset Management -- Part 3. Managing the Asset-Liability Liquidity Risk," Papers 2110.01302, arXiv.org.
    15. Javier Gil-Bazo & Raffaele Santioni, 2024. "Geographic Shareholder Dispersion and Mutual Fund Flow Risk," Working Papers 1440, Barcelona School of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    WP; swing pricing; pricing rule; fund investor; adjustment factor; liquidity mismatch; fund runs; fragility; strategic complementarity; pricing mechanism; Liquidity risk; Flow of funds; Mutual funds; Corporate bonds; Price structures; Global;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises

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