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Redemption risk and cash hoarding by asset managers


  • Stephen Morris
  • Ilhyock Shim
  • Hyun Song Shin


Open-end mutual funds face redemptions by investors, but the sale of the underlying assets depends on the portfolio decision of asset managers. If asset managers use their cash holding as a buffer to meet redemptions, they can mitigate fire sales of the underlying asset. If they hoard cash in anticipation of redemptions, they will amplify fire sales. We present a global game model of investor runs and identify conditions under which asset managers hoard cash. In an empirical investigation of global bond mutual funds, we find that cash hoarding is the rule rather than the exception, and that less liquid bond funds display a greater tendency toward cash hoarding.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephen Morris & Ilhyock Shim & Hyun Song Shin, 2017. "Redemption risk and cash hoarding by asset managers," BIS Working Papers 608, Bank for International Settlements.
  • Handle: RePEc:bis:biswps:608

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Giancarlo Corsetti & Amil Dasgupta & Stephen Morris & Hyun Song Shin, 2004. "Does One Soros Make a Difference? A Theory of Currency Crises with Large and Small Traders," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 71(1), pages 87-113.
    2. Frankel, David M. & Morris, Stephen & Pauzner, Ady, 2003. "Equilibrium selection in global games with strategic complementarities," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 108(1), pages 1-44, January.
    3. Morris, Stephen & Shin, Hyun Song & Yildiz, Muhamet, 2016. "Common belief foundations of global games," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 163(C), pages 826-848.
    4. Stephen Morris & Hyun Song Shin, 2016. "Risk Premium Shifts and Monetary Policy: A Coordination Approach," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Elías Albagli & Diego Saravia & Michael Woodford (ed.), Monetary Policy through Asset Markets: Lessons from Unconventional Measures and Implications for an Integrated World, edition 1, volume 24, chapter 5, pages 131-150, Central Bank of Chile.
    5. Sergey Chernenko & Adi Sunderam, 2016. "Liquidity Transformation in Asset Management: Evidence from the Cash Holdings of Mutual Funds," NBER Working Papers 22391, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Itay Goldstein & Ady Pauzner, 2005. "Demand–Deposit Contracts and the Probability of Bank Runs," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 60(3), pages 1293-1327, June.
    7. Jimmy Shek & Ilhyock Shim & Hyun Song Shin, 2015. "Investor redemptions and fund manager sales of emerging market bonds: how are they related?," BIS Working Papers 509, Bank for International Settlements.
    8. Chen, Qi & Goldstein, Itay & Jiang, Wei, 2010. "Payoff complementarities and financial fragility: Evidence from mutual fund outflows," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 239-262, August.
    9. Chernenko, Sergey & Sunderam, Adi, 2016. "Liquidity Transformation in Asset Management: Evidence form the Cash Holdings of Mutual Funds," Working Paper Series 2016-05, Ohio State University, Charles A. Dice Center for Research in Financial Economics.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Liquidity Transformation and Open-end Funds
      by Steve Cecchetti and Kim Schoenholtz in Money, Banking and Financial Markets on 2017-02-20 18:14:26


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    Cited by:

    1. Goldstein, Itay, 2017. "Comment on “Redemption risk and cash hoarding by asset managers” by Morris, Shim, and Shin," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 88-91.
    2. Ulf Lewrick & Jochen Schanz, 2017. "Is the price right? Swing pricing and investor redemptions," BIS Working Papers 664, Bank for International Settlements.
    3. Fong, Tom Pak Wing & Sze, Angela Kin Wan & Ho, Edmund Ho Cheung, 2018. "Determinants of equity mutual fund flows – Evidence from the fund flow dynamics between Hong Kong and global markets," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 231-247.
    4. David Ng & Ilhyock Shim & Jose Maria Vidal Pastor, 2019. "The role of different institutional investors in Asia-Pacific bond markets during the taper tantrum," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Asia-Pacific fixed income markets: evolving structure, participation and pricing, volume 102, pages 113-142, Bank for International Settlements.
    5. Hałaj, Grzegorz, 2018. "Agent-based model of system-wide implications of funding risk," Working Paper Series 2121, European Central Bank.
    6. Vladyslav Sushko & Grant Turner, 2018. "The implications of passive investing for securities markets," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, March.
    7. Agostino Capponi & Paul Glasserman & Marko Weber, 2018. "Swing Pricing for Mutual Funds: Breaking the Feedback Loop Between Fire Sales and Fund Runs," Working Papers 18-04, Office of Financial Research, US Department of the Treasury.
    8. Calimani, Susanna & Hałaj, Grzegorz & Żochowski, Dawid, 2017. "Simulating fire-sales in a banking and shadow banking system," ESRB Working Paper Series 46, European Systemic Risk Board.
    9. Nicola Branzoli & Giovanni Guazzarotti, 2017. "Liquidity transformation and financial stability: evidence from the cash management of open-end Italian mutual funds," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1113, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    10. Dunhong Jin & Marcin Kacperczyk & Bige Kahraman & Felix Suntheim, 2019. "Swing Pricing and Fragility in Open-end Mutual Funds," IMF Working Papers 19/227, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Weth, Mark Andreas & Dötz, Niko, 2019. "Redemptions and Asset Liquidations in Corporate Bond Funds," Annual Conference 2019 (Leipzig): 30 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall - Democracy and Market Economy 203542, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    12. Aikman, David & Haldane, Andrew & Hinterschweiger, Marc & Kapadia, Sujit, 2018. "Rethinking financial stability," Bank of England working papers 712, Bank of England.
    13. Hałaj, Grzegorz, 2018. "System-wide implications of funding risk," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 503(C), pages 1151-1181.
    14. Rohan Arora & Guillaume Bédard-Pagé & Guillaume Ouellet Leblanc & Ryan Shotlander, 2019. "Bond Funds and Fixed-Income Market Liquidity: A Stress-Testing Approach," Technical Reports 115, Bank of Canada.
    15. Johan Sulaeman, 2019. "Comments on "The role of different institutional investors in Asia-Pacific bond markets during the taper tantrum"," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Asia-Pacific fixed income markets: evolving structure, participation and pricing, volume 102, pages 143-145, Bank for International Settlements.
    16. Dötz, Niko & Weth, Mark, 2019. "Redemptions and asset liquidations in corporate bond funds," Discussion Papers 11/2019, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    17. Bank for International Settlements, 2019. "Asia-Pacific fixed income markets: evolving structure, participation and pricing," BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 102.

    More about this item


    asset manager; bond market liquidity; cash hoarding; global game; investor redemption; strategic complementarity;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors

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