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Demand-Deposit Contracts and the Probability of Bank Runs

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  • ITAY GOLDSTEIN
  • ADY PAUZNER

Abstract

Diamond and Dybvig (1983) show that while demand-deposit contracts let banks provide liquidity, they expose them to panic-based bank runs. However, their model does not provide tools to derive the probability of the bank-run equilibrium, and thus cannot determine whether banks increase welfare overall. We study a modified model in which the fundamentals determine which equilibrium occurs. This lets us compute the ex ante probability of panic-based bank runs and relate it to the contract. We find conditions under which banks increase welfare overall and construct a demand-deposit contract that trades off the benefits from liquidity against the costs of runs. Copyright 2005 by The American Finance Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Itay Goldstein & Ady Pauzner, 2005. "Demand-Deposit Contracts and the Probability of Bank Runs," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 60(3), pages 1293-1327, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:60:y:2005:i:3:p:1293-1327
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