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Runs on Money Market Funds

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  • Schmidt, Lawrence
  • Timmermann, Allan G
  • Wermers, Russ

Abstract

We study daily money market mutual fund flows at the individual share class level during the crisis of September 2008. The empirical approach that we apply to this fine granularity of data brings new insights into the investor and portfolio holding characteristics that are conducive to run-risk in cash-like asset pools, as well as providing evidence on the time-series dynamics of runs and the equilibria that develop. We find that outflows during the crisis are concentrated among those money funds with higher promised yields, less liquid portfolios, low implicit sponsor backing, and higher prior flow volatility that cater to very large-scale institutional investors. Our data uniquely allows us to study the strategic redemption behavior of investors with differing levels of sophistication by studying flows to different share classes of the same money fund, thus holding constant the quality of the underlying portfolio. Our results are consistent with the most sophisticated (largest scale) institutional investors exhibiting the greatest level of strategic redemptions during the crisis, which created significant negative externalities for more passive institutional investors.

Suggested Citation

  • Schmidt, Lawrence & Timmermann, Allan G & Wermers, Russ, 2014. "Runs on Money Market Funds," CEPR Discussion Papers 9906, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:9906
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    Cited by:

    1. Toni Ahnert, 2016. "Rollover Risk, Liquidity and Macroprudential Regulation," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 48(8), pages 1753-1785, December.
    2. Luck, Stephan & Schempp, Paul, 2014. "Banks, shadow banking, and fragility," Working Paper Series 1726, European Central Bank.
    3. Ahnert, Toni & Elamin, Mahmoud, 2014. "The Effect of Safe Assets on Financial Fragility in a Bank-Run Model," Working Papers (Old Series) 1437, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    4. repec:eee:jbfina:v:102:y:2019:i:c:p:215-230 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Sultanum, Bruno, 2018. "Financial fragility and over-the-counter markets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 177(C), pages 616-658.
    6. Lewis, Craig M. & Schlag, Christian, 2014. "What does US money market mutual fund reform portend for the European Union?," SAFE White Paper Series 24, Goethe University Frankfurt, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe.
    7. Office of Financial Research (ed.), 2013. "Asset Management and Financial Stability," Reports, Office of Financial Research, US Department of the Treasury, number 13-1, Septiembr.
    8. Foley-Fisher, Nathan & Narajabad, Borghan N. & Verani, Stephane, 2015. "Self-fulfilling Runs: Evidence from the U.S. Life Insurance Industry," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-32, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US).
    9. Xisong Jin & Francisco Nadal De Simone, 2015. "Investment funds? vulnerabilities: A tail-risk dynamic CIMDO approach," BCL working papers 95, Central Bank of Luxembourg.
    10. Hurlin, Christophe & Iseli, Grégoire & Pérignon, Christophe & Yeung, Stanley, 2019. "The counterparty risk exposure of ETF investors," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 215-230.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank runs; money market mutual funds; quantile regression; strategic complementarities;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors

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