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Financial repression redux

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  • Reinhart, Carmen
  • Kirkegaard, Jacob
  • Sbrancia, Belen

Abstract

Periods of high indebtedness have historically been associated with a rising incidence of default or restructuring of public and private debts. Sometimes the debt restructuring is subtle and takes the form of, “financial repression.” In the heavily regulated financial markets of the Bretton Woods system, a variety of restrictions facilitated a sharp and rapid reduction in public debt/GDP ratios from the late 1940s to the 1970s. In this paper, we summarize our findings for the post-World War II period for a selected group of countries and document the resurgence of financial repression in the wake of the 2007-2009 financial crises and the accompanying surge in public debts in advanced economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Reinhart, Carmen & Kirkegaard, Jacob & Sbrancia, Belen, 2011. "Financial repression redux," MPRA Paper 31641, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:31641
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Forbes, Kristin & Fratzscher, Marcel & Straub, Roland, 2015. "Capital-flow management measures: What are they good for?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(S1), pages 76-97.
    2. Anna Shabunina & Julio Escolano & Jaejoon Woo, 2011. "The Puzzle of Persistently Negative Interest Rate-Growth Differentials; Financial Repression or Income Catch-Up?," IMF Working Papers 11/260, International Monetary Fund.
    3. J.W. Mason & Arjun Jayadev, 2015. "Lost in Fiscal Space: Some Simple Analytics of Macroeconomic Policy in the Spirit of Tinbergen, Wicksell and Lerner," Working Papers 2015_05, University of Massachusetts Boston, Economics Department.
    4. Stijn Claessens & M. Ayhan Kose, 2013. "Financial Crises: Explanations, Types and Implications," CAMA Working Papers 2013-06, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    5. Welburn, Jonathan William & Hausken, Kjell, 2015. "A Game-Theoretic Model with Empirics of Economic Crises," UiS Working Papers in Economics and Finance 2015/7, University of Stavanger.
    6. Jonathan William Welburn & Kjell Hausken, 2017. "Game Theoretic Modeling of Economic Systems and the European Debt Crisis," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 49(2), pages 177-226, February.
    7. Manel Antelo & David Peón, 2014. "Fiscal consolidation and the sustainability of public debt in the GIPSI countries," Cuadernos de Economía - Spanish Journal of Economics and Finance, ELSEVIER, vol. 37(103), pages 52-71, Abril.
    8. Aizenman, Joshua & Pasricha, Gurnain Kaur, 2013. "Why do emerging markets liberalize capital outflow controls? Fiscal versus net capital flow concerns," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 28-64.
    9. Ohls, Jana, 2017. "Moral suasion in regional government bond markets," Discussion Papers 33/2017, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    10. Orphanides, Athanasios, 2017. "Central Bank Policies and the Debt Trap," CEPR Discussion Papers 11834, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    11. Diego Valiante, 2015. "Banking union in a single currency area: evidence on financial fragmentation," Journal of Financial Economic Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 7(3), pages 251-274, August.
    12. Zsolt Darvas & Jean Pisani-Ferry, 2011. "Europe's Growth Emergency," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1144, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    13. Hoffmann, Andreas & Löffler, Axel, 2014. "Low interest rate policy and the use of reserve requirements in emerging markets," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(3), pages 307-314.
    14. Shirakawa, M., 2012. "Sustainability of government debt: preconditions for stability in the financial system and prices," Financial Stability Review, Banque de France, issue 16, pages 169-181, April.
    15. Obstfeld, Maurice & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2017. "Revisiting Speculative Hyperinflations in Monetary Models," CEPR Discussion Papers 12051, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    16. Juan Marchetti & Michele Ruta & Robert Teh, 2012. "Trade Imbalances and Multilateral Trade Cooperation," CESifo Working Paper Series 4050, CESifo Group Munich.
    17. Lin, Justin Yifu & Fardoust, Shahrokh & Rosenblatt, David, 2012. "Reform of the international monetary system : a jagged history and uncertain prospects," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6070, The World Bank.
    18. Yukon Huang & Clare Lynch, 2013. "Does Internationalizing the RMB Make Sense for China?," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 33(3), pages 571-585, Fall.
    19. Beck, Roland & Reinhardt, Dennis & Rebillard, Cyril & Ramos-Tallada, Julio & Peeters, Jolanda & Ad hoc team of the European System of Central Banks & Paternò, Francesco & Wörz, Julia & Beirne, John & , 2015. "The side effects of national financial sector policies: framing the debate on financial protectionism," Occasional Paper Series 166, European Central Bank.
    20. Ansgar Belke & Jonas Keil, 2013. "Niedrigzinsfalle: die Gefahr der finanziellen Repression," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 82(2), pages 113-125.
    21. Alicja Bisewska, 2014. "Zagrożenia wynikające z ingerencji państwa w chiński system bankowy," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 1, pages 33-51.
    22. Pastor, Manuel & Wise, Carol, 2015. "Good-Bye financial crash, hello financial eclecticism: Latin American responses to the 2008–09 global financial crisis," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 200-217.
    23. Limodio,Nicola & Strobbe,Francesco, 2016. "Financial regulation and government revenue : the effects of a policy change in Ethiopia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7733, The World Bank.
    24. Zhaomin Zou, 2013. "La transition financière chinoise : un contre-exemple de la libéralisation financière," Post-Print halshs-00904296, HAL.
    25. Fritz Breuss, 2015. "In Search of Growth in a Future with Diminished Expectations. The Case of Austria," WIFO Working Papers 493, WIFO.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    debt; interest rates; regulation; financial repression;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • H6 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt

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