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Education as a Tool for the Economic Integration of Migrants

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  • De Paola, Maria

    (University of Calabria)

  • Brunello, Giorgio

    (University of Padova)

Abstract

We examine the role of education in fostering the economic integration of immigrants. Although immigrants in Europe are – on average – slightly less educated than native individuals, there is a large heterogeneity across countries. We discuss evidence on student performance in international tests showing that children with an immigrant background display worse results than natives. While in some countries, such as Denmark and France, this gap is almost entirely explained by differences in socio-economic background, in others (Finland, Austria, Belgium and Portugal) the factors driving the gap are more complex and have roots also outside socio-economic conditions. We investigate how educational policies in the host count can affect the educational outcomes of immigrants. We focus our attention on pre-school attendance, school tracking, the combination of students and teacher characteristics, and class composition.

Suggested Citation

  • De Paola, Maria & Brunello, Giorgio, 2016. "Education as a Tool for the Economic Integration of Migrants," IZA Discussion Papers 9836, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp9836
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    Cited by:

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    2. Anatolie Coșciug, 2018. "Measuring integration in new countries of immigration," Social Change Review, Sciendo, vol. 16(1-2), pages 93-121, December.
    3. Mukhopadhyay, Sankar, 2018. "Language Assimilation and Performance in Achievement Tests among Immigrant Children: Evidence from a Field Experiment," IZA Discussion Papers 11524, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Bonin, Holger, 2017. "The Potential Economic Benefits of Education of Migrants in the EU," IZA Research Reports 75, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Bonin, Holger & Rinne, Ulf, 2017. "Machbarkeitsstudie zur Durchführung einer Evaluation der arbeitsmarktpolitischen Integrationsmaßnahmen für Flüchtlinge," IZA Research Reports 76, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Andritzky, Jochen & Aretz, Bodo & Christofzik, Désirée I. & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2016. "Influx of refugees: Integration as a key challenge," Working Papers 09/2016, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung.
    7. Mukhopadhyay, Sankar, 2020. "Language assimilation and performance in achievement tests among Hispanic children in the U.S.: Evidence from a field experiment," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 75(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    education; immigration; European migration policies; school tracking; class composition;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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