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Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination

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  • Jan Feld
  • Nicolás Salamanca
  • Daniel S. Hamermesh

Abstract

The discrimination literature treats outcomes as relative. But does a differential arise because agents discriminate against others—exophobia—or because they favour their own kind—endophilia? Using a field experiment that assigned graders randomly to students' exams that did/ did not contain names, we find favouritism but no discrimination by nationality, but neither by gender. We are able to identify these preferences under a wide range of behavioural scenarios regarding the graders. That endophilia dominates exophobia alters how we should measure discriminatory wage differentials and should inform the formulation of anti-discrimination policy.
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Suggested Citation

  • Jan Feld & Nicolás Salamanca & Daniel S. Hamermesh, 2016. "Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 126(594), pages 1503-1527, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:econjl:v:126:y:2016:i:594:p:1503-1527
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/ecoj.2016.126.issue-594
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Salamanca Nicolas & Feld Jan, 2017. "A Short Note on Discrimination and Favoritism in the Labor Market," The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 17(1), pages 1-10, January.
    2. repec:eee:gamebe:v:107:y:2018:i:c:p:238-252 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Feld, Jan & Sauermann, Jan & de Grip, Andries, 2017. "Estimating the relationship between skill and overconfidence," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 18-24.
    4. Jan Feld & Nicolás Salamanca & Ulf Zölitz, 2018. "Are professors worth it? The value-added and costs of tutorial instructors," ECON - Working Papers 293, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.
    5. Bryson, Alex & Chevalier, Arnaud, 2015. "Is there a taste for racial discrimination amongst employers?," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 51-63.
    6. Pierre Deschamps, 2018. "Gender Quotas in Hiring Committees: a Boon or a Bane for Women?," Sciences Po publications 82, Sciences Po.
    7. Sandra Schneemann & Hendrik Scholten & Christian Deutscher, 2018. "The Impact of Age on Nationality Bias: Evidence from Ski Jumping," Papers 1808.03804, arXiv.org.
    8. Bart H.H. Golsteyn & Arjan Non & Ulf Zölitz, 2017. "The impact of peer personality on academic achievement," ECON - Working Papers 269, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.
    9. Jan Feld & Ulf Zölitz, 2017. "Understanding Peer Effects: On the Nature, Estimation, and Channels of Peer Effects," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 35(2), pages 387-428.
    10. repec:gam:jgames:v:9:y:2018:i:3:p:65-:d:168048 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Dickinson, David L. & Masclet, David & Peterle, Emmanuel, 2018. "Discrimination as favoritism: The private benefits and social costs of in-group favoritism in an experimental labor market," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 220-236.
    12. repec:eee:ecoedu:v:60:y:2017:i:c:p:86-96 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Bjorn Tyrefors Hinnerich & Erik Höglin & Magnus Johannesson, 2015. "Discrimination against students with foreign backgrounds: evidence from grading in Swedish public high schools," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(6), pages 660-676, December.
    14. Vessela Daskalova, 2016. "Discrimination, Social Identity, and Coordination: An Experiment," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1555, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    15. Chiara Ravetti & Mare Sarr & Tim Swanson & Daniel Munene, 2017. "Discrimination and favouritism among workers: union membership and ethnic identity," CIES Research Paper series 57-2017, Centre for International Environmental Studies, The Graduate Institute.
    16. repec:eee:jeborg:v:141:y:2017:i:c:p:29-42 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • B40 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - General
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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