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Do Better Schools Lead to More Growth? Cognitive Skills, Economic Outcomes, and Causation

  • Hanushek, Eric A.

    ()

    (Stanford University)

  • Woessmann, Ludger

    ()

    (Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

We investigate whether a causal interpretation of the robust association between cognitive skills and economic growth is appropriate and whether cross-country evidence supports a case for the economic benefits of effective school policy. We develop a new common metric that allows tracking student achievement across countries, over time, and along the within-country distribution. Extensive sensitivity analyses of cross-country growth regressions generate remarkably stable results across specifications, time periods, and country samples. In addressing causality, we find, first, significant growth effects of cognitive skills when instrumented by institutional features of school systems. Second, home-country cognitive-skill levels strongly affect the earnings of immigrants on the U.S. labor market in a difference-in-differences model that compares home-educated to U.S.-educated immigrants from the same country of origin. Third, countries that improved their cognitive skills over time experienced relative increases in their growth paths. From a policy perspective, the shares of basic literates and high performers have independent significant effects on growth, and the estimates suggest that the high-performer effect is larger in poorer countries.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4575.

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Length: 64 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Economic Growth, 2012, 17 (4), 267-321
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4575
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