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Knowledge Capital and Aggregate Income Differences: Development Accounting for US States\

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  • Hanushek, Eric A.
  • Ruhose, Jens
  • Wößmann, Ludger

Abstract

Improvement in human capital is often presumed to be important for state economic development, but little research links better education to state incomes. We develop detailed measures of worker skills in each state that incorporate cognitive skills from state-and-country-of-origin achievement tests. These new measures of knowledge capital permit development accounting analyses calibrated with standard production parameters. Differences in knowledge capital account for 20-30 percent of the state variation in per capita GDP, with roughly even contributions by school attainment and cognitive skills. Similar results emerge from growth accounting analyses. These estimates support school improvement as a strategy for state economic development.

Suggested Citation

  • Hanushek, Eric A. & Ruhose, Jens & Wößmann, Ludger, 2017. "Knowledge Capital and Aggregate Income Differences: Development Accounting for US States\," Munich Reprints in Economics 49888, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:lmu:muenar:49888
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    1. Knowledge Capital and Aggregate Income Differences: Development Accounting for U.S. States
      by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2016-09-28 23:33:06

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    7. David J. Deming & Christopher R. Walters, 2017. "The Impact of Price Caps and Spending Cuts on U.S. Postsecondary Attainment," NBER Working Papers 23736, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Eric A. Hanushek & Jens Ruhose & Ludger Woessmann, 2017. "Knowledge Capital and Aggregate Income Differences: Development Accounting for US States," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 184-224, October.
    9. David Figlio & Paola Giuliano & Umut Özek & Paola Sapienza, 2019. "Long-Term Orientation and Educational Performance," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 11(4), pages 272-309, November.
    10. Filmer, Deon & Rogers, Halsey & Angrist, Noam & Sabarwal, Shwetlena, 2020. "Learning-adjusted years of schooling (LAYS): Defining a new macro measure of education," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 77(C).
    11. Charles Ka Yui Leung & Joe Cho Yiu Ng & Edward Tang, 2020. "Why is the Hong Kong Housing Market Unaffordable? Some Stylized Facts and Estimations," Globalization Institute Working Papers 380, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
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    13. Jon Marius Vaag Iversen & Bjarne Strøm, 2020. "Skills, Employment, and Labor Market Institutions: Evidence from PIAAC," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 34(3), pages 277-304, September.
    14. Rainer Kotschy & Uwe Sunde & Tommaso MonacelliManaging Editor, 2018. "Can education compensate the effect of population ageing on macroeconomic performance?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 33(96), pages 587-634.
    15. Deeken, Tim, 2015. "Schumpeterian growth with technological interdependence: An application to US states," Working Paper Series in Economics 75, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Department of Economics and Management.
    16. Kant, Chander, 2018. "Privatization and growth: natural experiment of European economies in transition," MPRA Paper 96080, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 28 Sep 2019.
    17. Campbell, Susanna G. & Üngör, Murat, 2020. "Revisiting human capital and aggregate income differences," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 43-64.
    18. Barbara Biasi & David J. Deming & Petra Moser, 2020. "Education and Innovation," NBER Chapters, in: The Role of Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Economic Growth, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • I26 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Returns to Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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