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Education for Growth: Why and For Whom?

Author

Listed:
  • Alan B. Krueger

    (Princeton University and NBER)

  • Mikael Lindahl

    (Stockholm University)

Abstract

This paper summarizes and tries to reconcile evidence from the microeconometric and empirical macro growth literatures on the effect of schooling on income and GDP growth. Much microeconometric evidence suggests that education is an important causal determinant of income for individuals within countries. At a national level, however, recent studies have found that increases in educational attainment are unrelated to economic growth. This discrepancy appears to be a result of the high rate of measurement error in first-differenced cross-country education data. After accounting for measurement error, the effect of changes in educational attainment on income growth in cross-country data is at least as great as microeconometric estimates of the rate of return to years of schooling. Another finding of the macro growth literature -- that economic growth depends positively on the initial stock of human capital -- is not robust when the assumption of a constant-coefficient model is relaxed.

Suggested Citation

  • Alan B. Krueger & Mikael Lindahl, 2000. "Education for Growth: Why and For Whom?," Working Papers 808, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  • Handle: RePEc:pri:indrel:429
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    education; growth;

    JEL classification:

    • N96 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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