No Child Left Behind: Universal Child Care and Children's Long-Run Outcomes
There is a heated debate in the US, Canada and many European countries about introducing universally accessible child care. However, studies on universal child care and child development are scarce and only consider short-run outcomes. We analyze the introduction of universal child care in Norway, addressing the impact on children’s long-run outcomes. Our precise and robust difference-in-difference estimates show that child care had strong positive effects on children’s educational attainment and labor market participation, and also reduced welfare dependency. Subsample analysis indicates that children with low educated mothers and girls benefit the most from child care.
|Date of creation:||30 Sep 2009|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Forthcoming as Havnes, Tarjei and Magne Mogstad, 'No Child Left Behind: Subsidized Child Care and Children's Long-Run Outcomes' in American Economic Journal: Economic Policy.|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Department of Economics, University of Oslo, P.O Box 1095 Blindern, N-0317 Oslo, Norway|
Phone: 22 85 51 27
Fax: 22 85 50 35
Web page: http://www.oekonomi.uio.no/indexe.html
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