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Does child care availability play a role in maternal employment and children's development? Evidence from Italy

  • Ylenia Brilli
  • Daniela Del Boca
  • Chiara D. Pronzato

This paper investigates the e ects of public child care availability in Italy in mothers' working status and children's scholastic achievements. We use a newly available dataset containing individual standardized test scores of pupils attending the second grade of primary school in 2009-10 in conjunction with data on public child care availability. Our estimates indicate a positive and signi cant e ects of child care availability on both mothers' working status and children's Language test scores. We nd that a percentage change in public child care coverage increases mothers' probability to work by 1.3 percentage points and children's Language test scores by 0.85 percent of one standard deviation; we do not nd any e ect on Math test scores. Moreover, the impact of a percentage change in public child care on mothers' employment and children's Language test scores is greater in provinces where child care availability is more limited.

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Paper provided by Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD) - CCA in its series CHILD Working Papers Series with number 13.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cca:wchild:13
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  1. Daniela Del Boca & Silvia Pasqua & Chiara Pronzato, 2009. "Motherhood and market work decisions in institutional context: a European perspective," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 61(suppl_1), pages i147-i171, April.
  2. Maria Alessandra Antonelli & Veronica Grembi, 2010. "The More Public The More Private? The Case Of The Italian Childcare," Working Papers 0310, CREI Università degli Studi Roma Tre, revised 2010.
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