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Universal Child Care, Maternal Labor Supply, and Family Well-Being

  • Michael Baker
  • Jonathan Gruber
  • Kevin Milligan

We analyze the introduction of highly subsidized, universally accessible child care in Quebec, addressing the impact on child care utilization, maternal labor supply, and family well-being. We find strong evidence of a shift into new child care use, although some crowding out of existing arrangements is evident. Maternal labor supply increases significantly. Finally, the evidence suggests that children are worse off by measures ranging from aggression to motor and social skills to illness. We also uncover evidence that the new child care program led to more hostile, less consistent parenting, worse parental health, and lower-quality parental relationships. (c) 2008 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved..

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Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Political Economy.

Volume (Year): 116 (2008)
Issue (Month): 4 (08)
Pages: 709-745

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:jpolec:v:116:y:2008:i:4:p:709-745
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JPE/

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  20. Rachel Connelly & Jean Kimmel, 2003. "Marital status and full-time/part-time work status in child care choices," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(7), pages 761-777.
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