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The Effect of Childcare and Early Education Arrangements on Developmental Outcomes of Young Children

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Abstract

This study investigates the relationship between child care arrangements and developmental outcomes of young children using data from Cycle 1 of the Canadian National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth. Models of the determinants of Motor and Social Development (MSD) scores for children aged 0-47 months, and of the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test assessment scores (PPVT-R) for children aged 4-5 years are estimated controlling for a variety of non-parental childcare and early education characteristics. The results suggest that infant-toddler non-parental care arrangements have insignificant or negligible impacts on developmental outcomes (MSD). For preschoolers, modes of care and early education do not, on average, influence cognitive development (PPVT). The results of fixed effect estimates for a sample of siblings aged 0-47 months confirm the preceding conclusion. The analysis is repeated to identify the determinants of the probability the child's MSD (PPVT) score is in the bottom part of the distribution of MSD (PPVT) scores and the conclusions are similar. Cette étude explore la relation entre les modalités des services de garde et des indicateurs mesurés du développement des jeunes enfants à l'aide des données du cycle 1 de l'Enquête longitudinale nationale sur les enfants et les jeunes canadiens. La modélisation économétrique analyse les déterminants des scores de développement social et moteur (DSM) des enfants de 0 à 47 mois ainsi que les scores à un test de vocabulaire (EVIP-R) administré aux enfants de 4-5 ans en prenant en considération différentes caractéristiques des services de garde et d'éducation des enfants. Les résultats suggèrent que pour les nouveaux-nés et les enfants en bas âge les modalités de garde non parentale ont des effets non statistiquement significatifs ou négligeables sur le DSM. Pour les enfants d'âge préscolaire, les modes de garde ou d'éducation préscolaire n'ont pas en moyenne d'effets sur le développement cognitif (EVIP). L'estimation d'un modèle à effets fixes pour un sous-échantillon d'enfants composé de frères et de soeurs confirme la conclusion précédente. L'analyse est répétée pour identifier les déterminants de la probabilité qu'un enfant soit observé avec un score le classant dans la partie inférieure de la distribution des scores (DSM et EVIP), et les conclusions sont similaires.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierre Lefebvre & Philip Merrigan, 2000. "The Effect of Childcare and Early Education Arrangements on Developmental Outcomes of Young Children," Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers 119, CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal.
  • Handle: RePEc:cre:crefwp:119
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Baker & Jonathan Gruber & Kevin Milligan, 2008. "Universal Child Care, Maternal Labor Supply, and Family Well-Being," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 116(4), pages 709-745, August.
    2. Pierre Lefebvre & Philip Merrigan & Matthieu Verstraete, 2006. "Impact of Early Childhood Care and Education on Children's Preschool Cognitive Development: Canadian Results from a Large Quasi-experiment," Cahiers de recherche 0636, CIRPEE.
    3. Martin Dooley & Jennifer Stewart, 2007. "Family income, parenting styles and child behavioural-emotional outcomes," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(2), pages 145-162.
    4. Forer, Barry & Hertzman, Clyde & Kohen, Dafna, 2006. "Ensembles de donnees nationales : sources d'information sur la garde des enfants au Canada," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2006284f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    5. Pierre Lefebvre & Philip Merrigan & Francis Roy-Desrosiers, 2011. "Québec's Childcare Universal Low Fees Policy 10 Years After: Effects, Costs and Benefits," Cahiers de recherche 1101, CIRPEE.
    6. Stefan Bauernschuster & Timo Hener & Helmut Rainer, 2013. "Does Expanding Public Child Care Encourage Fertility? County-Level Evidence from Germany," ifo Working Paper Series 158, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    7. Pierre Lefebvre & Philip Merrigan & Matthieu Verstraete, 2008. "Childcare Policy and Cognitive Outcomes of Children: Results from a Large Scale Quasi-Experiment on Universal Childcare in Canada," Cahiers de recherche 0823, CIRPEE.
    8. Forer, Barry & Hertzman, Clyde & Kohen, Dafna, 2006. "National Data Sets: Sources of Information for Canadian Child Care Data," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2006284e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    9. Bauernschuster, Stefan & Hener, Timo & Rainer, Helmut, 2013. "Does the Expansion of Public Child Care Increase Birth Rates? Evidence from a Low-Fertility Country," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79909, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Childcare; early education; developmental outcomes; public policy.;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor

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