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The Effect of a Large Expansion of Pre-Primary School Facilities on Preschool Attendance and Maternal Employment

Author

Listed:
  • Sebastian Galiani

    () (Department of Economics, Universidad de San Andres)

  • Samuel Berlinski

    (University College of London, Institute for Fiscal Studies)

Abstract

We provide evidence on the impact of a large construction of pre-primary school facilities in Argentina. We estimate the causal impact of the program on pre-primary school attendance and maternal labor supply. Identification relies on a differences-in-differences strategy where we combine differences across regions in the number of facilities built with differences in exposure across cohorts induced by the timing of the program. We find a sizeable impact of the program on pre-primary school participation among children aged between 3 and 5. In fact, we cannot reject the null hypothesis of a full take-up of newly constructed places. In addition, we find that the childcare subsidy induced by the program increases maternal employment and that this effect is in line with the one previously found for the US.

Suggested Citation

  • Sebastian Galiani & Samuel Berlinski, 2005. "The Effect of a Large Expansion of Pre-Primary School Facilities on Preschool Attendance and Maternal Employment," Working Papers 77, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia, revised Aug 2005.
  • Handle: RePEc:sad:wpaper:77
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    File URL: ftp://webacademicos.udesa.edu.ar/pub/econ/doc77.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    school facilities; preschool attendance; employment;

    JEL classification:

    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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