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The Effects of Longer School Days on Mothers' Labor Force Participation

Author

Listed:
  • Berthelon, Matias

    (Universidad Adolfo Ibañez)

  • Kruger, Diana

    (Universidad Adolfo Ibañez)

  • Oyarzún, Melanie

    (Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Chile)

Abstract

Lack of adequate childcare is a main reason women cite for not participating in the labor force. We investigate the effect of a reform that lengthened school schedules from half to full days in Chile – essentially providing zero-cost childcare – on different maternal labor participation outcomes. We identify the effect of the policy from its implementation across municipalities over time and rule out alternative explanations, finding evidence of positive and important effects on participation and more permanent attachment to the labor force. Additionally, we also find results are driven by the provision of full day schooling in 1st and 2nd grades.

Suggested Citation

  • Berthelon, Matias & Kruger, Diana & Oyarzún, Melanie, 2015. "The Effects of Longer School Days on Mothers' Labor Force Participation," IZA Discussion Papers 9212, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp9212
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Matías Berthelon & Diana I. Kruger & Juan P. Eberhard, 2017. "Estimating the effects of teen motherhood in Chile: a family fixed effects approach," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 44(1 Year 20), pages 5-32, June.
    2. Brewer, Mike & Cattan, Sarah & Crawford, Claire & Rabe, Birgitta, 2016. "Free Childcare and Parents' Labour Supply: Is More Better?," IZA Discussion Papers 10415, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Nikki Shure, "undated". "School Hours and Maternal Labour Supply: A Natural Experiment from Germany," DoQSS Working Papers 16-13, Quantitative Social Science - UCL Social Research Institute, University College London.
    4. Leonardo Bonilla-Mejía & Eduard F. Martínez-González, 2019. "Educación escolar para la inclusión y la transformación social," Chapters, in: Jaime Bonet & Diana Ricciuli-Marin (ed.), Casa Grande Caribe, chapter 1, pages 1-50, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Janina Nemitz, 2015. "The effect of all-day primary school programs on maternal labor supply," ECON - Working Papers 213, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.
    6. Berthelon, Matias & Kruger, Diana & Lauer, Catalina & Tiberti, Luca & Zamora, Carlos, 2020. "Longer School Schedules, Childcare and the Quality of Mothers’ Employment: Evidence from School Reform in Chile," GLO Discussion Paper Series 525, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    7. Nemitz, Janina, 2016. "The Effect of All-Day Primary School Programs on Maternal Labor Supply," VfS Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145528, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    8. Mike Brewer & Sarah Cattan & Claire Crawford & Birgitta Rabe, 2016. "Does more free childcare help parents work more?," IFS Working Papers W16/22, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    9. Gambaro, Ludovica & Marcus, Jan & Peter, Frauke, 2019. "School entry, afternoon care, and mothers' labour supply," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 1435-8921.
    10. Francisco Parro G. & Loreto Reyes R., 2019. "Economic growth and the Chilean labor market," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 22(2), pages 070-095, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    female labor participation; primary education; full day schooling; education reform; Chile;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets
    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education

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