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A Community College Instructor Like Me: Race and Ethnicity Interactions in the Classroom

Author

Listed:
  • Fairlie, Robert W.

    (University of California, Los Angeles)

  • Hoffmann, Florian

    (University of British Columbia, Vancouver)

  • Oreopoulos, Philip

    (University of Toronto)

Abstract

This paper uses detailed administrative data from one of the largest community colleges in the United States to quantify the extent to which academic performance depends on students being of similar race or ethnicity to their instructors. To address the concern of endogenous sorting, we use both student and classroom fixed effects and focus on those with limited course enrolment options. We also compare sensitivity in the results from using within versus across section instructor type variation. Given the computational complexity of the 2-way fixed effects model with a large set of fixed effects we rely on numerical algorithms that exploit the particular structure of the model's normal equations. We find that the performance gap in terms of class dropout and pass rates between white and minority students falls by roughly half when taught by a minority instructor. In models that allow for a full set of ethnic and racial interactions between students and instructors, we find African-American students perform particularly better when taught by African-American instructors.

Suggested Citation

  • Fairlie, Robert W. & Hoffmann, Florian & Oreopoulos, Philip, 2011. "A Community College Instructor Like Me: Race and Ethnicity Interactions in the Classroom," IZA Discussion Papers 5983, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5983
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    college; minorities; education; race;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality

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