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The Long-Run Impacts of Same-Race Teachers

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  • Seth Gershenson
  • Cassandra M. D. Hart
  • Joshua Hyman
  • Constance Lindsay
  • Nicholas W. Papageorge

Abstract

We examine the long-run impacts of exposure to a Black teacher for both Black and white students. Leveraging data from the Tennessee STAR class-size experiment, we show that Black students randomly assigned to at least one Black teacher in grades K-3 are 9 percentage points (13%) more likely to graduate from high school and 6 percentage points (19%) more likely to enroll in college than their same-school, same-race peers. No effect is found for white students. We replicate these findings using quasi-experimental methods to analyze a richer administrative data set from North Carolina. The increase in postsecondary enrollments is concentrated in two-year degree programs, which is somewhat concerning because two-year colleges have both lower returns and lower completion rates than four-year colleges and universities. These long-run effects are also concentrated among Black males from disadvantaged backgrounds, which is not evident in short run analyses of same-race teachers' impacts on test scores. These nuanced patterns are of policy relevance themselves and also underscore the importance of directly examining long-run treatment effects as opposed to extrapolating from estimated short-run effects.

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  • Seth Gershenson & Cassandra M. D. Hart & Joshua Hyman & Constance Lindsay & Nicholas W. Papageorge, 2018. "The Long-Run Impacts of Same-Race Teachers," NBER Working Papers 25254, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:25254
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    Cited by:

    1. Nicholas W. Papageorge & Seth Gershenson & Kyung Min Kang, 2020. "Teacher Expectations Matter," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 102(2), pages 234-251, May.
    2. Sule Alan & Enes Duysak & Elif Kubilay & Ipek Mumcu, 2020. "Social Exclusion and Ethnic Segregation in Schools: The Role of Teacher's Ethnic Prejudice," Working Papers 2020-044, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
    3. Jaegeum Lim & Jonathan Meer, 2020. "Persistent Effects of Teacher–Student Gender Matches," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 55(3), pages 809-835.
    4. Cynthia (CC) DuBois & Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach, 2017. "The Effect of Court-Ordered Hiring Guidelines on Teacher Composition and Student Achievement," NBER Working Papers 24111, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. David Neumark & Bogdan Savych, 2018. "Do Opioids Slow Return to Work after Injuries?," FRBSF Economic Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    6. Devon Wilson & Donald Dantzler & Damian Evans & Richard McGregory, 0. "Do Racial Disparities Exist in the Labor Market for Educators?," Journal of Economics, Race, and Policy, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-10.
    7. Fenoll, Ainhoa Aparicio, 2018. "English proficiency and mathematics test scores of immigrant children in the US," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 102-113.
    8. Vera Rocha & Mirjam van Praag, 2020. "Mind the gap: The role of gender in entrepreneurial career choice and social influence by founders," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(5), pages 841-866, May.
    9. Phillips, Deborah A. & Anderson, Sara & Rupa Datta, A. & Kisker, Ellen, 2019. "The changing portrait of center-based preschool teachers: 1990 and 2012," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 107(C).
    10. Sorensen, Lucy C. & Holt, Stephen B., 2021. "Sorting it Out: The Effects of Charter Expansion on Teacher and Student Composition at Traditional Public Schools," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
    11. Jacinto, Alberto & Gershenson, Seth, 2019. "The Intergenerational Transmission of Teaching," IZA Discussion Papers 12201, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    12. Adriana Lleras-Muney & Matthew Miller & Shuyang Sheng & Veronica T. Sovero, 2020. "Party On: The Labor Market Returns to Social Networks and Socializing," NBER Working Papers 27337, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Mansour, Hani & Rees, Daniel I. & Rintala, Bryson & Wozny, Nathan, 2018. "The Effects of Professor Gender on the Post-Graduation Outcomes of Female Students," IZA Discussion Papers 11820, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    14. Raquel Tebaldi & Anne Esser & Anna Davies Davidsen, 2017. "Promoting child- and gender-sensitive outcomes in cash transfer programmes: a review of different strategies in programme administration," Policy Research Brief 61, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    15. Thomas Dee & Emily Penner, 2019. "My Brother’s Keeper? The Impact of Targeted Educational Supports," NBER Working Papers 26386, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    16. Devon Wilson & Donald Dantzler & Damian Evans & Richard McGregory, 2020. "Do Racial Disparities Exist in the Labor Market for Educators?," Journal of Economics, Race, and Policy, Springer, vol. 3(3), pages 195-204, September.
    17. Gershenson, Seth, 2021. "Identifying and Producing Effective Teachers," IZA Discussion Papers 14096, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    18. Naven, Matthew, 2020. "Within-School Heterogeneity in Quality: Do Schools Provide Equal Value Added to All Students?," MPRA Paper 100123, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Erin Dillon & Steven Malick, "undated". "Teacher Turnover and Access to Effective Teachers in the School District of Philadelphia," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 700eafe8d79f4e6da94c86be5, Mathematica Policy Research.
    20. Gurantz, Oded & Hurwitz, Michael & Smith, Jonathan, 2020. "Sibling effects on high school exam taking and performance," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 178(C), pages 534-549.
    21. Eble, Alex & Hu, Feng, 2020. "Child beliefs, societal beliefs, and teacher-student identity match," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 77(C).
    22. Boyd-Swan, Casey & Herbst, Chris M., 2017. "Racial and Ethnic Discrimination in the Labor Market for Child Care Teachers," IZA Discussion Papers 11140, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education

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