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Teacher Quality and Learning Outcomes in Kindergarten

Author

Listed:
  • M. Caridad Araujo
  • Pedro Carneiro
  • Yyannú Cruz-Aguayo
  • Norbert Schady

Abstract

We assigned two cohorts of kindergarten students, totaling more than 24,000 children, to teachers within schools with a rule that is as good as random. We collected data on children at the beginning of the school year and applied 12 tests of math, language, and executive function (EF) at the end of the year. All teachers were filmed teaching for a full day, and the videos were coded using the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (or CLASS). We find substantial classroom effects: A 1 standard deviation increase in classroom quality results in 0.11, 0.11, and 0.07 standard deviation higher test scores in language, math, and EF, respectively. Teacher behaviors, as measured by the CLASS, are associated with higher test scores. Parents recognize better teachers, but do not change their behaviors appreciably to take account of differences in teacher quality. JEL Codes: I24, I25.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Caridad Araujo & Pedro Carneiro & Yyannú Cruz-Aguayo & Norbert Schady, 2016. "Teacher Quality and Learning Outcomes in Kindergarten," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 131(3), pages 1415-1453.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:qjecon:v:131:y:2016:i:3:p:1415-1453.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/qje/qjw016
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrew Bacher-Hicks & Mark J. Chin & Thomas J. Kane & Douglas O. Staiger, 2017. "An Evaluation of Bias in Three Measures of Teacher Quality: Value-Added, Classroom Observations, and Student Surveys," NBER Working Papers 23478, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Nina Drange & Marte Rønning, 2017. "Child care center staff composition and early child development," Discussion Papers 870, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    3. Marina Bassi & Costas Meghir & Ana Reynoso, 2016. "Education Quality and Teaching Practices," NBER Working Papers 22719, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Francisco Gallego & Emma Näslund-Hadley & Mariana Alfonso, 2017. "Tailoring Instruction to Improve Mathematics Skills in Preschools: A Randomized Evaluation," Documentos de Trabajo 487, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
    5. Sarah Flèche, 2017. "Teacher Quality, Test Scores and Non-Cognitive Skills: Evidence from Primary School Teachers in the UK," CEP Discussion Papers dp1472, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    6. Daphna Bassok & Thomas Dee & Scott Latham, 2017. "The Effects of Accountability Incentives in Early Childhood Education," NBER Working Papers 23859, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Marina Bassi & Rae Lesser Blumberg & Mercedes Mateo Díaz, 2016. "Under the "Cloak of Invisibility": Gender Bias in Teaching Practices and Learning Outcomes," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 94336, Inter-American Development Bank.
    8. Georg F. Camehl & Pia S. Schober & C. Katharina Spiess, 2017. "Information Asymmetries between Parents and Educators in German Childcare Institutions," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1693, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    9. Gershenson, Seth & Hart, Cassandra M. D. & Lindsay, Constance A. & Papageorge, Nicholas W., 2017. "The Long-Run Impacts of Same-Race Teachers," IZA Discussion Papers 10630, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. Cruz-Aguayo, Yyannú & Ibarrarán, Pablo & Schady, Norbert, 2017. "Do tests applied to teachers predict their effectiveness?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 159(C), pages 108-111.
    11. Marc Steeg & Sander Gerritsen, 2016. "Teacher Evaluations and Pupil Achievement Gains: Evidence from Classroom Observations," De Economist, Springer, vol. 164(4), pages 419-443, December.
    12. Arlen Guarín & Carlos Medina & Christian Posso, 2017. "Calidad y Cobertura de la Educación Secundaria Pública y Privada en Colombia, y sus Costos Ocultos," Borradores de Economia 1006, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development

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