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Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction

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  • Eric Hanushek

    ()

  • Steven Rivkin

    ()

  • Jeffrey Schiman

    ()

Abstract

It is widely believed that teacher turnover adversely affects the quality of instruction in urban schools serving predominantly disadvantaged children, and a growing body of research investigates various components of turnover effects. This raises concerns that confounding factors bias estimates of transition differences in teacher effectiveness, the adverse effects of turnover or both. After taking more extensive steps to account for non-random sorting of students into classrooms and endogenous teacher exits and grade-switching, this paper replicates existing findings of adverse selection out of schools and negative effects of turnover in lower-achievement schools. However, it finds that these turnover effects can be fully accounted for by the resulting loss in experience and productivity loss following the reallocation of some incumbent teachers to different grades. [Working Paper 22472]

Suggested Citation

  • Eric Hanushek & Steven Rivkin & Jeffrey Schiman, 2016. "Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction," Working Papers id:11158, eSocialSciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:11158
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cullen Julie Berry & Cory Koedel & Eric Parsons, 2016. "The Compositional Effect of Rigorous Teacher Evaluation on Workforce Quality," CESifo Working Paper Series 6185, CESifo Group Munich.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    teacher turnover; quality of instruction; non-random sorting; grade-switching; adverse selection; lower-achievement schools;

    JEL classification:

    • H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets

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