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The Compositional Effect of Rigorous Teacher Evaluation on Workforce Quality

Author

Listed:
  • Julie Berry Cullen
  • Cory Koedel
  • Eric Parsons

Abstract

Improving public sector workforce quality is challenging in sectors such as education where worker productivity is difficult to assess and manager incentives are muted by political and bureaucratic constraints. In this paper, we study how providing information to principals about teacher effectiveness and encouraging them to use the information in personnel decisions affects the composition of teacher turnovers. Our setting is the Houston Independent School District, which recently implemented a rigorous teacher evaluation system. Prior to the new system teacher effectiveness was negatively correlated with district exit and we show that the policy significantly strengthened this relationship, primarily by increasing the relative likelihood of exit for teachers in the bottom quintile of the quality distribution. Low-performing teachers working in low-achieving schools were especially likely to leave. However, despite the success, the implied change to the quality of the workforce overall is too small to have a detectable impact on student achievement.

Suggested Citation

  • Julie Berry Cullen & Cory Koedel & Eric Parsons, 2016. "The Compositional Effect of Rigorous Teacher Evaluation on Workforce Quality," CESifo Working Paper Series 6185, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_6185
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Harris, Douglas N. & Sass, Tim R., 2011. "Teacher training, teacher quality and student achievement," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(7-8), pages 798-812, August.
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    8. Eric A. Hanushek & Steven G. Rivkin, 2010. "Generalizations about Using Value-Added Measures of Teacher Quality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(2), pages 267-271, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:ecoedu:v:66:y:2018:i:c:p:104-113 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Eric Parsons & Cory Koedel & Li Tan, 2018. "Accounting for Student Disadvantage in Value-Added Models," Working Papers 1813, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
    3. Cory Koedel & Jiaxi Li & Matthew G. Springer & Li Tan, 2018. "Teacher Performance Ratings and Professional Improvement," Working Papers 1808, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    teacher labor market; public sector performance evaluation;

    JEL classification:

    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets

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