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Teacher Turnover, Teacher Quality, and Student Achievement in DCPS

Listed author(s):
  • Melinda Adnot
  • Thomas Dee
  • Veronica Katz
  • James Wyckoff

In practice, teacher turnover appears to have negative effects on school quality as measured by student performance. However, some simulations suggest that turnover can instead have large, positive effects under a policy regime in which low-performing teachers can be accurately identified and replaced with more effective teachers. This study examines this question by evaluating the effects of teacher turnover on student achievement under IMPACT, the unique performance-assessment and incentive system in the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS). Employing a quasi-experimental design based on data from the first year years of IMPACT, we find that, on average, DCPS replaced teachers who left with teachers who increased student achievement by 0.08 SD in math. When we isolate the effects of lower-performing teachers who were induced to leave DCPS for poor performance, we find that student achievement improves by larger and statistically significant amounts (i.e., 0.14 SD in reading and 0.21 SD in math). In contrast, the effect of exits by teachers not sanctioned under IMPACT is typically negative but not statistically significant.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 21922.

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Date of creation: Jan 2016
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:21922
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  1. Steven G. Rivkin & Eric A. Hanushek & John F. Kain, 2005. "Teachers, Schools, and Academic Achievement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(2), pages 417-458, 03.
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  12. Jonah E. Rockoff & Brian A. Jacob & Thomas J. Kane & Douglas O. Staiger, 2011. "Can You Recognize an Effective Teacher When You Recruit One?," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 6(1), pages 43-74, January.
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  14. Eric A. Hanushek & Steven G. Rivkin, 2010. "Generalizations about Using Value-Added Measures of Teacher Quality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(2), pages 267-271, May.
  15. Dan Goldhaber & Betheny Gross & Daniel Player, 2011. "Teacher Career Paths Teacher Quality and Persistence in the Classroom Are Public Schools Keeping Their Best," Mathematica Policy Research Reports bb09428c3d22459dbbbaa543a, Mathematica Policy Research.
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  17. repec:mpr:mprres:7942 is not listed on IDEAS
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