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Teacher Quality and Learning Outcomes in Kindergarten

Author

Listed:
  • María Caridad Araujo
  • Pedro Carneiro
  • Yyannu Cruz-Aguayo
  • Norbert Schady

Abstract

We assigned two cohorts of kindergarten students, totaling more than 24,000 children, to teachers within schools with a rule that is as-good-as-random. We collected data on children at the beginning of the school year, and applied 12 tests of math, language and executive function (EF) at the end of the year. All teachers were filmed teaching for a full day, and the videos were coded using a well-known classroom observation tool, the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (or CLASS). We find substantial classroom effects: A one-standard deviation increase in classroom quality results in 0.11, 0.11, and 0.07 standard deviation higher test scores in language, math, and EF, respectively. Teacher behaviors, as measured by the CLASS, are associated with higher test scores. Parents recognize better teachers, but do not change their behaviors appreciably to take account of differences in teacher quality .

Suggested Citation

  • María Caridad Araujo & Pedro Carneiro & Yyannu Cruz-Aguayo & Norbert Schady, 2016. "Teacher Quality and Learning Outcomes in Kindergarten," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 7425, Inter-American Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:7425
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    Keywords

    Children; Learning; Educational Assessment; Teacher Education & Quality; Child development; Test scores;

    JEL classification:

    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality

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