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Who Believes in Me? The Effect of Student-Teacher Demographic Match on Teacher Expectations

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Listed:
  • Gershenson, Seth

    (American University)

  • Holt, Stephen B.

    (University at Albany, SUNY)

  • Papageorge, Nicholas W.

    (Johns Hopkins University)

Abstract

Teachers are an important source of information for traditionally disadvantaged students. However, little is known about how teachers form expectations and whether their expectations are systematically biased. We investigate whether student-teacher demographic mismatch affects high school teachers' expectations for students' educational attainment. Using a student fixed effects strategy that exploits expectations data from two teachers per student, we find that non-black teachers of black students have significantly lower expectations than do black teachers. These effects are larger for black male students and math teachers. Our findings add to a growing literature on the role of limited information in perpetuating educational attainment gaps.

Suggested Citation

  • Gershenson, Seth & Holt, Stephen B. & Papageorge, Nicholas W., 2015. "Who Believes in Me? The Effect of Student-Teacher Demographic Match on Teacher Expectations," IZA Discussion Papers 9202, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp9202
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    3. Adriana Lleras-Muney & Matthew Miller & Shuyang Sheng & Veronica T. Sovero, 2020. "Party On: The Labor Market Returns to Social Networks and Socializing," NBER Working Papers 27337, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Warn N. Lekfuangfu & Reto Odermatt, 2020. "All I have to do is dream? The role of aspirations in intergenerational mobility and well-being," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 2016, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    5. Nicholas W. Papageorge & Seth Gershenson & Kyung Min Kang, 2020. "Teacher Expectations Matter," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 102(2), pages 234-251, May.
    6. Chonika Coleman-King & Valerie Adams-Bass & Keisha Bentley-Edwards & Duane Thomas & Celine Thompson & Ali Michael & Gwendolyn Miller & Bianka Charity-Parker & Howard Stevenson, 2021. "Got Skillz? Recasting and Negotiating Racial Tension in Teacher–Student Relationships Amidst Shifting Demographics," Social Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(3), pages 1-21, March.
    7. Diyi Li & Cory Koedel, 2016. "Representation and Salary Gaps by Race/Ethnicity and Gender at Selective Public Universities," Working Papers 1613, Department of Economics, University of Missouri, revised Apr 2017.
    8. Höckel, Lisa, 2019. "Speaking the same language - The effect of foreign origin teachers on students’ language skills," VfS Annual Conference 2019 (Leipzig): 30 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall - Democracy and Market Economy 203638, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    9. Nirel JonesMitchell, 2020. "Beautiful Experiments in Teaching Freedom: Collectivist Conceptions of Interdependence in the Discussion of Liberatory Teacher-Student Trust," Proceedings of the 16th International RAIS Conference, March 30-31, 2020 0018nj, Research Association for Interdisciplinary Studies.
    10. Nicole Black & Sonja C. de New, 2020. "Short, Heavy and Underrated? Teacher Assessment Biases by Children's Body Size," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 82(5), pages 961-987, October.
    11. David B. Zoogah & Richard Bawulenbeug Zoogah, 2020. "Benevolence and Negative Deviant Behavior in Africa: The Moderating Role of Centralization," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 161(4), pages 783-813, February.
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    13. Gershenson, Seth, 2021. "Identifying and Producing Effective Teachers," IZA Discussion Papers 14096, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    14. Thomas Dee & Emily Penner, 2019. "My Brother’s Keeper? The Impact of Targeted Educational Supports," NBER Working Papers 26386, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. Kato, Takao & Song, Yang, 2018. "An Advisor like Me: Does Gender Matter?," IZA Discussion Papers 11575, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    educational attainment; expectations; stigmatization; mismatch;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • D84 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Expectations; Speculations
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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