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The Long-Run Impacts of Same-Race Teachers

Author

Listed:
  • Gershenson, Seth

    () (American University)

  • Hart, Cassandra M. D.

    () (University of California, Davis)

  • Lindsay, Constance A.

    (American University)

  • Papageorge, Nicholas W.

    () (Johns Hopkins University)

Abstract

Black primary-school students matched to a same-race teacher perform better on standardized tests and face more favorable teacher perceptions, yet little is known about the long-run, sustained impacts of student-teacher demographic match. We show that assigning a black male to a black teacher in the third, fourth, or fifth grades significantly reduces the probability that he drops out of high school, particularly among the most economically disadvantaged black males. Exposure to at least one black teacher in grades 3-5 also increases the likelihood that persistently low-income students of both sexes aspire to attend a four-year college. These findings are robust across administrative data from two states and multiple identification strategies, including an instrumental variables strategy that exploits within-school, intertemporal variation in the proportion of black teachers, family fixed-effects models that compare siblings who attended the same school, and the random assignment of students and teachers to classrooms created by the Project STAR class-size reduction experiment.

Suggested Citation

  • Gershenson, Seth & Hart, Cassandra M. D. & Lindsay, Constance A. & Papageorge, Nicholas W., 2017. "The Long-Run Impacts of Same-Race Teachers," IZA Discussion Papers 10630, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10630
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    24. repec:hrv:faseco:30749606 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Boyd-Swan, Casey & Herbst, Chris M., 2017. "Racial and Ethnic Discrimination in the Labor Market for Child Care Teachers," IZA Discussion Papers 11140, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Jaegeum Lim & Jonathan Meer, 2017. "Persistent Effects of Teacher-Student Gender Matches," Working Papers id:12332, eSocialSciences.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    teachers; long-run effects; educational attainment; racial gaps;

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education

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