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Real exchange rate misalignments in the euro area

Author

Listed:
  • Michael Fidora

    (European Central Bank)

  • Claire Giordano

    (Banca d’Italia)

  • Martin Schmitz

    (European Central Bank)

Abstract

Building upon a behavioural equilibrium exchange rate (BEER) model, estimated at a quarterly frequency since 1999 on a broad sample of 57 countries, this paper assesses whether both the size and persistence of real effective exchange rate misalignments from the levels implied by economic fundamentals have been affected by the adoption of a single currency. A comparison of real misalignments across different country groupings (euro area, non-euro area, advanced and emerging economies), shows they are smaller in the euro area than in its main trading partners. However, in the euro area real disequilibria are also more persistent, although after the global financial crisis the reactivity of real exchange rates to past misalignments increased, and therefore the persistence decreased. In the absence of the nominal adjustment channel, an improvement in the quality of regulation and institutions is found to reduce the persistence of real exchange rate misalignments, plausibly by removing real rigidities.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Fidora & Claire Giordano & Martin Schmitz, 2018. "Real exchange rate misalignments in the euro area," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1162, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_1162_18
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    Cited by:

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    2. Michael Fidora & Claire Giordano & Martin Schmitz, 2021. "Real Exchange Rate Misalignments in the Euro Area," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 32(1), pages 71-107, February.
    3. Artem Vdovychenko, 2021. "Empirical estimation of REER trend for Ukraine," IHEID Working Papers 06-2021, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
    4. Gamboa-Estrada, Fredy, 2019. "The effectiveness of foreign exchange intervention in Latin America: A nonlinear approach to the coordination channel," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 13-27.
    5. Consolo, Agostino & Koester, Gerrit & Nickel, Christiane & Porqueddu, Mario & Smets, Frank, 2021. "The need for an inflation buffer in the ECB’s price stability objective – the role of nominal rigidities and inflation differentials," Occasional Paper Series 279, European Central Bank.
    6. Mariarosaria Comunale & Markus Eller & Mathias Lahnsteiner, 2020. "Assessing Credit Gaps in CESEE Based on Levels Justified by Fundamentals – A Comparison Across Different Estimation Approaches (Mariarosaria Comunale, Markus Eller, Mathias Lahnsteiner)," Working Papers 229, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
    7. Galstyan, Vahagn & Herzberg, Valerie, 2018. "External Balance Sheet Risks in Ireland," Financial Stability Notes 9/FS/18, Central Bank of Ireland.
    8. Fischer, Christoph, 2019. "Equilibrium real exchange rate estimates across time and space," Discussion Papers 14/2019, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    9. Leonor Coutinho & Nuria Mata Garcia & Alessandro Turrini & Goran Vukšić, 2021. "Methodologies for the Assessment of Real Effective Exchange Rates," European Economy - Discussion Papers 2015 - 149, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    10. Alberto Felettigh & Claire Giordano, 2018. "Rethinking prices and markets underlying price-competitiveness indicators," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 447, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    11. Ahmed Derbali, 2021. "The misalignment of real effective exchange rate: Evidence from Tunisia," IHEID Working Papers 04-2021, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
    12. Dąbrowski, Marek A. & Wróblewska, Justyna, 2020. "Insulating property of the flexible exchange rate regime: A case of Central and Eastern European countries," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 162(C), pages 34-49.
    13. Ca' Zorzi, Michele & Longaric, Pablo Anaya & Rubaszek, Michał, 2021. "The predictive power of equilibrium exchange rate models," Economic Bulletin Articles, European Central Bank, vol. 7.
    14. Galstyan, Vahagn & Herzberg, Valerie, 2018. "External Balance Sheet Risks in Ireland," Financial Stability Notes 09-18, Central Bank of Ireland.
    15. Loewald, Christopher & Wörgötter, Andreas, 2019. "Do monetary unions dream of structural reforms?," ECON WPS - Working Papers in Economic Theory and Policy 01/2019, TU Wien, Institute of Statistics and Mathematical Methods in Economics, Economics Research Unit.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Real effective exchange rate; equilibrium exchange rate; monetary union; regulation.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • F00 - International Economics - - General - - - General

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