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European exchange rate regimes and purchasing power parity: An empirical study on eleven eurozone countries

Listed author(s):
  • Huang, Chao-Hsi
  • Yang, Chih-Yuan

It is widely believed that following the adoption of the euro, long run purchasing power parity (PPP) is more likely to hold within the euro countries. By applying the panel unit root test of Pesaran (2007) to real exchange rate data of eleven euro countries for the sample period of January 1957 to May 2013, we find that, contrary to the above intuition, the evidence for the mean-reverting in real exchange rates is much weaker in the post-1998 euro period than in the pre-euro period. In contrast, we find that for the four countries not using the euro: Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK, the evidence for the mean-reverting in real exchange rates is strong in both the pre- and post-euro (post-1998) periods. Moreover, through our panel estimation of the error correction model using the common correlated effects (CCE) estimators a la Pesaran (2006), we find that the flexibility of nominal exchange rates is crucial for the adjustment of real exchange rates to PPP.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Review of Economics & Finance.

Volume (Year): 35 (2015)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 100-109

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Handle: RePEc:eee:reveco:v:35:y:2015:i:c:p:100-109
DOI: 10.1016/j.iref.2014.09.008
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/620165

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  1. Kenneth Rogoff, 1996. "The Purchasing Power Parity Puzzle," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 34(2), pages 647-668, June.
  2. Christidou, Maria & Panagiotidis, Theodore, 2010. "Purchasing Power Parity and the European single currency: Some new evidence," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 1116-1123, September.
  3. M. Hashem Pesaran, 2007. "A simple panel unit root test in the presence of cross-section dependence," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(2), pages 265-312.
  4. Andrew K. Rose, 2000. "One money, one market: the effect of common currencies on trade," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 15(30), pages 7-46, 04.
  5. Pesaran, M.H., 2004. "‘General Diagnostic Tests for Cross Section Dependence in Panels’," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0435, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  6. Koedijk, Kees G. & Tims, Ben & van Dijk, Mathijs A., 2004. "Purchasing power parity and the euro area," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(7-8), pages 1081-1107.
  7. M. Hashem Pesaran & Ron Smith & Takashi Yamagata & Lyudmyla Hvozdyk, 2009. "Pairwise Tests of Purchasing Power Parity," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(6), pages 495-521.
  8. Claude Lopez & David H. Papell, 2007. "Convergence to Purchasing Power Parity at the Commencement of the Euro," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(1), pages 1-16, 02.
  9. Alan M. Taylor & Mark P. Taylor, 2004. "The Purchasing Power Parity Debate," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(4), pages 135-158, Fall.
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  11. Yi-Hua Wu & Eric Lin, 2011. "Does purchasing power parity hold following the launch of the euro? Evidence from the panel unit root test," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(2), pages 167-172.
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  15. repec:kap:iaecre:v:14:y:2008:i:1:p:11-24 is not listed on IDEAS
  16. M. Hashem Pesaran, 2006. "Estimation and Inference in Large Heterogeneous Panels with a Multifactor Error Structure," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(4), pages 967-1012, 07.
  17. Rogers, John H., 2007. "Monetary union, price level convergence, and inflation: How close is Europe to the USA?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(3), pages 785-796, April.
  18. Lothian, James R & Taylor, Mark P, 1996. "Real Exchange Rate Behavior: The Recent Float from the Perspective of the Past Two Centuries," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(3), pages 488-509, June.
  19. Dornbusch, Rudiger, 1976. "Expectations and Exchange Rate Dynamics," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(6), pages 1161-1176, December.
  20. Lopez, Claude, 2008. "Evidence of purchasing power parity for the floating regime period," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 156-164, February.
  21. Mark Taylor, 2006. "Real exchange rates and Purchasing Power Parity: mean-reversion in economic thought," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(1-2), pages 1-17.
  22. Ghosh, Amit, 2014. "A comparison of exchange rate regime choice in emerging markets with advanced and low income nations for 1999–2011," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 358-370.
  23. Mussa, Michael, 1986. "Nominal exchange rate regimes and the behavior of real exchange rates: Evidence and implications," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 117-214, January.
  24. Parsley, David C & Popper, Helen A, 2001. "Official Exchange Rate Arrangements and Real Exchange Rate Behavior," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 33(4), pages 976-993, November.
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