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The Impact of Market Regulations on Intra-European Real Exchange Rates

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  • Agnes Benassy-Quere
  • Dramane Coulibaly

Abstract

We study the contribution of market regulations in the dynamics of the real exchange rate within the European Union. Based on a model proposed by De Gregorio et al. (1994a), we show that both product market regulations in nontradable sectors and employment protection tend to inflate the real exchange rate. We then carry out an econometric estimation for European countries over 1985-2006 to quantify the contributions of the pure Balassa-Samuelson effect and those of market regulations in real exchange-rate variations. Based on this evidence and on a counter-factual experiment, we conclude that the relative evolution of product market regulations and employment protection across countries play a very significant role in real exchange-rate variations within the European Union and especially within the Euro area, through theirs impacts on the relative price of nontradable goods.

Suggested Citation

  • Agnes Benassy-Quere & Dramane Coulibaly, 2013. "The Impact of Market Regulations on Intra-European Real Exchange Rates," CESifo Working Paper Series 4082, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4082
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    Cited by:

    1. Sophie Piton, 2017. "A European Disease? Non-tradable Inflation and Real Interest Rate Divergence," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 63(2), pages 210-234.
    2. Sophie Piton, 2018. "Do Unit Labor Costs Matter? A Decomposition Exercise on European Data," Working Papers 2018-07, CEPII research center.
    3. Michael Fidora & Claire Giordano & Martin Schmitz, 2021. "Real Exchange Rate Misalignments in the Euro Area," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 32(1), pages 71-107, February.
    4. Martin Berka & Daan Steenkamp, 2018. "Deviations in Real Exchange Rate Levels in the OECD Countries and their Structural Determinants," Discussion Papers 1804, School of Economics and Finance, Massey University, New Zealand.
    5. Philippe Frocrain & Pierre-Noël Giraud, 2017. "The evolution of tradable and non-tradable employment: evidence from France," Working Papers hal-01695159, HAL.
    6. Philippe Frocrain & Pierre-Noël Giraud, 2018. "The Evolution of Tradable and Non Tradable Employment: Evidence from France," Economie et Statistique / Economics and Statistics, Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (INSEE), issue 503-504, pages 97-107.
    7. Sophie Piton, 2017. "Economic Integration and the Non-tradable Sector: The European Experience," 2017 Papers ppi361, Job Market Papers.
    8. Philippe Frocrain & Pierre-Noël Giraud, 2019. "The Evolution of Tradable and Non Tradable Employment: Evidence from France," Post-Print hal-01981428, HAL.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    real exchange rate; Balassa-Samuelson effect; product market regulations; employment protection;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • J50 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - General
    • L40 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - General

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