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Impact of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on economic growth: New evidence from the MENA Net Oil Exporting Countries (NOECs)

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  • Kahia, Montassar
  • Ben Aïssa, Mohamed Safouane
  • Charfeddine, Lanouar

Abstract

This study explores the economic growth – energy consumption nexus for two samples of MENA Net Oil Exporting Countries (NOECs) during the period 1980–2012. Using panel cointegration approach, we found strong evidence for the existence of a long-run relationship between real GDP, renewable and non-renewable energy consumption, real gross fixed capital formation, and the labor force. Moreover, empirical results from the estimation of the panel error correction model indicate evidence of a unidirectional causality running from economic growth to renewable energy consumption in the short-run. In the long-run, the results show evidence of a bidirectional causality for the entire group of MENA NOECs. For the 5 selected MENA NOECs sample, we found strong evidence for bidirectional causality between renewable energy and economic growth. Additionally, our results confirm bidirectional causality between renewable and non-renewable energy consumption with negative and significant coefficient in the short-run indicating substitutability between these two types of energy. Finally, the paper discusses the economic implications of the results and proposes certain policies recommendations.

Suggested Citation

  • Kahia, Montassar & Ben Aïssa, Mohamed Safouane & Charfeddine, Lanouar, 2016. "Impact of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on economic growth: New evidence from the MENA Net Oil Exporting Countries (NOECs)," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 116(P1), pages 102-115.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:116:y:2016:i:p1:p:102-115
    DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2016.07.126
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Renewable and non-renewable energy consumption; Economic growth; Panel cointegration; MENA Net Oil Exporting Countries;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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