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Real currency appreciation in accession countries: Balassa-Samuelson and investment demand

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  • Christoph Fischer

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Abstract

The Balassa-Samuelson effect is usually seen as the prime explanation of the continuous real appreciation of central and east European (CEE) transition countries' currencies against their western counterparts.The response of a small country's real exchange rate to various shocks is derived in a simple model.It is shown that productivity shocks work not only through a Balassa-type supply channel but also through an investment demand channel. Therefore, empirical evidence apparently in favour of Balassa-Samuelson effects may require a re-interpretation.The model is estimated for a panel of CEE countries.The results are consistent with the model, plausibly explain the observed real appreciation and support the existence of the proposed investment demand channel.JEL classification: F31, F41, C33
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  • Christoph Fischer, 2004. "Real currency appreciation in accession countries: Balassa-Samuelson and investment demand," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 140(2), pages 179-210, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:weltar:v:140:y:2004:i:2:p:179-210
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02663645
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    Keywords

    Real exchange rate; Balassa-Samuelson effect; transition economies; panel;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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