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Publications

by members of

Manchester Institute of Innovation Research (MIoIR)
Manchester Business School
University of Manchester
Manchester, United Kingdom

These are publications listed in RePEc written by members of the above institution who are registered with the RePEc Author Service. Thus this compiles the works all those currently affiliated with this institutions, not those affilated at the time of publication. List of registered members. Register yourself. This page is updated in the first days of each month.
| Working papers | Journal articles | Books | Chapters |

Working papers

Undated material is listed at the end

2014

  1. Consoli,Davide & Vona,Francesco & Rentocchini,Francesco, 2014. "That was then, this is now: Skills and Routinization in the 2000s," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201306, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV).
  2. Consoli,Davide & Elche,Dioni, 2014. "An analysis of the knowledge base of Scientific Research & Development Business Services," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201401, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV).

2013

  1. Beatrice D'Ippolito & Marcela Miozzo & Davide Consoli, 2013. "Knowledge Systematisation and the Development of a Business Function: The Case of Design," DRUID Working Papers 13-06, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
  2. Azagra-Caro,Joaquín M. & Consoli,Davide, 2013. "Knowledge Flows and Public-Private Cooperation across National Contexts," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201304, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV).
  3. Marina Doroshenko & Ian Miles & Dmitri Vinogradov, 2013. "Knowledge Intensive Business Services As Generators Of Innovations," HSE Working papers WP BRP 12/STI/2013, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
  4. Konstantin Fursov & Ian Miles, 2013. "Framing Emerging Nanotechnologies: Steps Towards A Forward-Looking Analysis Of Skills," HSE Working papers WP BRP 15/STI/2013, National Research University Higher School of Economics.

2012

  1. Stephan Manning & Silvia Massini & Carine Peeters & Arie Lewin, 2012. "Global Co-Evolution of Firm Boundaries: Process Commoditization, Capabilities Development, and Path Dependencies," Working Papers CEB 12-009, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  2. Christopher Ordowich & David Cheney & Jan Youtie & Andrea Fernández-Ribas & Philip Shapira, 2012. "Evaluating the Impact of MEP Services on Establishment Performance: A Preliminary Empirical Investigation," Working Papers 12-15, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  3. Clark, Derek J. & Nilssen, Tore & Sand, Jan Yngve, 2012. "Motivating over Time: Dynamic Win Effects in Sequential Contests," Memorandum 28/2012, Oslo University, Department of Economics.

2011

  1. Barbera, David & Consoli, Davide, 2011. "Whatever works: uncertainty and technological hybrids in medical innovation," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201112, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), revised 16 Feb 2011.
  2. Consoli, Davide & Elche-Hortelano, Dioni, 2011. "The evolution of the knowledge base in professional service sectors," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201104, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV).
  3. Davide Consoli & Francesco Vona, 2011. "Innovation and Skill Dynamics: A life-cycle approach," Sciences Po publications 2011-26, Sciences Po.
  4. Stan Metcalfe & Ian Steedman, 2011. "Herr Schumpeter and the Classics," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2011-14, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Evolutionary Economics Group.
  5. John Foster & J. Stan Metcalfe, 2011. "Economic Emergence: an Evolutionary Economic Perspective," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2011-12, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Evolutionary Economics Group.
  6. Elvira Uyarra, 2011. "Regional innovation systems revisited: networks, institutions, policy and complexity," Openloc Working Papers 1113, Public policies and local development.
  7. Marcela Miozzo & Lori DiVito & Panos Desyllas, 2011. "Cross-border acquisitions of science-based firms: Their effect on innovation in the acquired firm and the local science," DRUID Working Papers 11-17, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.

2010

  1. Nelson, Richard & Consoli, Davide, 2010. "An Evolutionary Theory of Household Consumption Behavior," MPRA Paper 20197, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Consoli, Davide & Vona, Francesco & Saarivirta, Toni, 2010. "An analysis of the Graduate Labour Market in Finland: the impact of Spatial Agglomeration and Skill-Job Mismatches," MPRA Paper 21072, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Consoli, Davide & Patrucco, Pier Paolo, 2010. "Complexity and the Coordination of Technological Knowledge: the Case of Innovation Platforms," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 201007, University of Turin.
  4. Consoli, Davide & Ramlogan, Ronnie, 2010. "Patterns of organization in the development of medical know-how: the case of glaucoma research," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201006, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV).
  5. Mark Dodgson & Alan Hughes & John Foster & J.S. Metcalfe, 2010. "Systems thinking, market failure, and the development of innovation policy- The case of Australia," Discussion Papers Series 403, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
  6. Flanagan, Kieron & Uyarra, Elvira & Laranja, Manuel, 2010. "The ‘policy mix’ for innovation: rethinking innovation policy in a multi-level, multi-actor context," MPRA Paper 23567, University Library of Munich, Germany.

2009

  1. Consoli, Davide & Ramlogan, Ronnie, 2009. "Scope, Strategy and Structure: The Dynamics of Knowledge Networks in Medicine," MPRA Paper 12791, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Vona, Francesco & Consoli, Davide, 2009. "Innovation, human capital and earning distribution: towards a dynamic life-cycle approach," MPRA Paper 13032, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Consoli, Davide & Elche Hortelano, Dioni, 2009. "Variety in the Knowledge base of Business Service sectors," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 200909, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), revised 19 Jul 2010.
  4. J. Stan Metcalfe & John Foster, 2009. "Evolutionary Growth Theory," Discussion Papers Series 388, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
  5. Elvira Uyarra & Kieron Flanagan, 2009. "From regional innovation systems to regions as innovation policy spaces," Openloc Working Papers 0906, Public policies and local development.
  6. Clark, Derek J. & Foros, Øystein & Sand, Jan Yngve, 2009. "Foreclosure in contests," Discussion Papers 2008/27, Department of Business and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics.
  7. Clark, Derek J. & Sand, Jan Yngve, 2009. "Endogenous Technology Sharing in R&D Intensive Industries," Economics Discussion Papers 2009-28, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.

2008

  1. Arie Lewin & Silvia Massini & Carine Peeters, 2008. "The configuration of internal and external practiced routines of absorptive capacity: a new perspective," Working Papers CEB 08-010.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  2. Arie Lewin & Silvia Massini & Carine Peeters, 2008. "Why are companies offshoring innovation ?the emerging global race for talent," Working Papers CEB 08-009, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  3. Consoli, Davide, 2008. "Co-evolution of capabilities and preferences in the adoption of new technologies," MPRA Paper 7175, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Ramlogan, Ronnie & Consoli, Davide, 2008. "Knowledge, understanding and the dynamics of medical innovation," MPRA Paper 9112, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Paul David & J. Stanley Metcalfe, 2008. ""Only Connect": Academic-Business Research Collaborations and the Formation of Ecologies of Innovation," Discussion Papers 07-033, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
  6. Oystein Foros & Hans Jarle Kind & Jan Yngve Sand, 2008. "Slotting Allowances and Manufacturers’ Retail Sales Effort," CESifo Working Paper Series 2396, CESifo Group Munich.

2007

  1. Consoli, Davide & Patrucco, Pier Paolo, 2007. "Technological Platforms and the Governance of Knowledge: Evidence from Italy and the UK," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 200704, University of Turin.
  2. Saarivirta, Toni & Consoli, Davide, 2007. "Where Did They Go? A Study on Newly Established Universities and Graduate Mobility in Finland," MPRA Paper 11377, University Library of Munich, Germany.

2006

  1. Heinze, Thomas & Shapira, Philip & Senker, Jacqueline & Kuhlmann, Stefan, 2006. "Identifying creative research accomplishments : methodology and results for nanotechnology and human genetics," Discussion Papers "Innovation Systems and Policy Analysis" 8, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI).
  2. Consoli, Davide & Patrucco, Pier Paolo & Quatraro, Francesco, 2006. "Un'Analisi Comparata delle Performance Tecnologiche nel Nord-Ovest Sabaudo nel Lungo Periodo nel Contesto delle RegioniItaliane: Gli Anni 1980-2001," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 200605, University of Turin.
  3. Ozcan Saritas & Erol Taymaz & Turgut Tumer, 2006. "Vision 2023: Turkey’s National Technology Foresight Program – a contextualist description and analysis," ERC Working Papers 0601, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Jan 2006.

2005

  1. Davide Consoli, 2005. "Changing boundaries and structure of a technological system: lessons from UK retail banking," Development and Comp Systems 0506004, EconWPA.
  2. Metcalfe, Stan & Ramlogan, Ronnie, 2005. "Innovation Systems and the Competitive Progress in Developing Economies," Centre on Regulation and Competition (CRC) Working papers 30672, University of Manchester, Institute for Development Policy and Management (IDPM).

2004

  1. Consoli, Davide & Patrucco, Pierpaolo, 2004. "The Knowledge Trade-Off: Circulation, Growth and the Role of Knowledge-Intensive Business Services in Urban Innovation Systems," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 200402, University of Turin.
  2. J.S Metcalfe, 2004. "Accounting for Evolution: An Assessment of the Population Method," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2004-21, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Evolutionary Economics Group.

2003

  1. Davide Consoli, 2003. "The evolution of retail banking services in United Kingdom: a retrospective analysis," Industrial Organization 0310002, EconWPA.
  2. Metcalfe, John S. & Foster, John & Ramlogan, Ronnie, 2003. "Adaptive Economic Growth," Centre on Regulation and Competition (CRC) Working papers 30637, University of Manchester, Institute for Development Policy and Management (IDPM).

2002

  1. Metcalfe, John S. & Ramlogan, Ronnie & Uyarra, E., 2002. "Economic Development and the Competitive Process," Centre on Regulation and Competition (CRC) Working papers 30612, University of Manchester, Institute for Development Policy and Management (IDPM).

Undated

  1. Ian Miles & Johan Hauknes, . "Services in European Innovation Systems - A review of issues," STEP Report series 199606, The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy.

Journal articles

Undated material is listed at the end

2013

  1. Bleda, Mercedes & del Río, Pablo, 2013. "The market failure and the systemic failure rationales in technological innovation systems," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(5), pages 1039-1052.
  2. Davide Consoli & Dioni Elche, 2013. "The evolving knowledge base of professional service sectors," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 23(2), pages 477-501, April.
  3. Davide Consoli & Francesco Vona & Toni Saarivirta, 2013. "Analysis of the Graduate Labour Market in Finland: Spatial Agglomeration and Skill--Job Match," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(10), pages 1634-1652, November.
  4. Djellal, Faridah & Gallouj, Faïz & Miles, Ian, 2013. "Two decades of research on innovation in services: Which place for public services?," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 98-117.

2012

  1. Gil, Nuno & Miozzo, Marcela & Massini, Silvia, 2012. "The innovation potential of new infrastructure development: An empirical study of Heathrow airport's T5 project," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 452-466.
  2. Silvia Massini & Marcela Miozzo, 2012. "Outsourcing and Offshoring of Business Services: Challenges to Theory, Management and Geography of Innovation," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(9), pages 1219-1242, October.
  3. del Río, Pablo & Bleda, Mercedes, 2012. "Comparing the innovation effects of support schemes for renewable electricity technologies: A function of innovation approach," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 272-282.
  4. Mercedes Bleda & Simon Shackley, 2012. "Simulation Modelling as a Theory Building Tool: The Formation of Risk Perceptions," Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, vol. 15(2), pages 2.
  5. Jue Wang & Philip Shapira, 2012. "Partnering with universities: a good choice for nanotechnology start-up firms?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 38(2), pages 197-215, February.
  6. Evgeny A. Klochikhin & Philip Shapira, 2012. "Engineering Small Worlds in a Big Society: Assessing the Early Impacts of Nanotechnology in C hina," Review of Policy Research, Policy Studies Organization, vol. 29(6), pages 752-775, November.
  7. Davide Consoli & Ronnie Ramlogan, 2012. "Patterns of organization in the development of medical know-how: the case of glaucoma research," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(2), pages 315-343, April.
  8. Jeremy Howells & Ronnie Ramlogan & Shu-Li Cheng, 2012. "Innovation and university collaboration: paradox and complexity within the knowledge economy," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 36(3), pages 703-721.
  9. Sand, Jan Y., 2012. "Infrastructure quality regulation," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 310-319.
  10. J. Edler & L. Georghiou & K. Blind & E. Uyarra, 2012. "Evaluating the demand side: New challenges for evaluation," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(1), pages 33-47, February.
  11. Effie Amanatidou & Maurits Butter & Vicente Carabias & Totti Könnölä & Miriam Leis & Ozcan Saritas & Petra Schaper-Rinkel & Victor van Rij, 2012. "On concepts and methods in horizon scanning: Lessons from initiating policy dialogues on emerging issues," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 39(2), pages 208-221, March.

2011

  1. Philip Shapira & Jan Youtie & Luciano Kay, 2011. "National innovation systems and the globalization of nanotechnology innovation," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 36(6), pages 587-604, December.
  2. Philip Shapira & Jan Youtie, 2011. "Introduction to the symposium issue: nanotechnology innovation and policy—current strategies and future trajectories," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 36(6), pages 581-586, December.
  3. Jan Youtie & Stephen Carley & Philip Shapira & Elizabeth A Corley & Dietram A Scheufele, 2011. "Perceptions and actions: relationships of views on risk with citation actions of nanotechnology scientists," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(5), pages 377-388, December.
  4. Jakob Edler & Kieron Flanagan, 2011. "Indicator needs for the internationalisation of science policies," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(1), pages 7-17, March.
  5. Flanagan, Kieron & Uyarra, Elvira & Laranja, Manuel, 2011. "Reconceptualising the 'policy mix' for innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 702-713, June.
  6. Derek Clark & Øystein Foros & Jan Sand, 2011. "Foreclosure in contests," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 148(1), pages 215-232, July.
  7. Ian Miles, 2011. "Service Innovation in the Twenty First Century," Foresight-Russia, National Research University Higher School of Economics, vol. 5(2), pages 4-15.
  8. Marcela Miozzo & Damian Grimshaw, 2011. "Capabilities of large services outsourcing firms: the "outsourcing plus staff transfer model" in EDS and IBM," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(3), pages 909-940, June.
  9. Yanuar Nugroho & Ozcan Saritas, 2011. "Seeing the Invisible and Making Sense of It. Scanning, Networks and Scenario Analysis," Foresight-Russia, National Research University Higher School of Economics, vol. 5(3), pages 58-69.
  10. John Rigby, 2011. "Systematic grant and funding body acknowledgement data for publications: new dimensions and new controversies for research policy and evaluation," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(5), pages 365-375, December.

2010

  1. Silvia Massini & Nidthida Perm-Ajchariyawong & Arie Lewin, 2010. "Role of Corporate-Wide Offshoring Strategy on Offshoring Drivers, Risks and Performance," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(4), pages 337-371.
  2. Stephen Roper & Jan Youtie & Philip Shapira & Andrea Fernandez-Ribas, 2010. "Knowledge, Capabilities and Manufacturing Innovation: A USA-Europe Comparison," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(3), pages 253-279.
  3. Richard Nelson & Davide Consoli, 2010. "An evolutionary theory of household consumption behavior," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 20(5), pages 665-687, October.
  4. Consoli, Davide & Elche-Hortelano, Dioni, 2010. "Variety in the knowledge base of Knowledge Intensive Business Services," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 1303-1310, December.
  5. J. Stan Metcalfe, 2010. "Technology and economic theory," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 34(1), pages 153-171, January.
  6. Elvira Uyarra & Kieron Flanagan, 2010. "From regional systems of innovation to regions as innovation policy spaces," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 28(4), pages 681-695, August.
  7. Clark, Derek J. & Sand, Jan Yngve, 2010. "Endogenous technology sharing in R&D intensive industries," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 4(1), pages 1-48.
  8. Elvira Uyarra, 2010. "What is evolutionary about ‘regional systems of innovation’? Implications for regional policy," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 20(1), pages 115-137, January.
  9. Ian Miles, 2010. "Nanotechnology Foresight: How Can We Explore Employment and Skills Implications?," Foresight-Russia, National Research University Higher School of Economics, vol. 4(1), pages 20-36.
  10. Lee, Hsing-fen & Miozzo, Marcela & Laredo, Philippe, 2010. "Career patterns and competences of PhDs in science and engineering in the knowledge economy: The case of graduates from a UK research-based university," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 869-881, September.

2009

  1. Martin Kenney & Silvia Massini & Thomas P Murtha, 2009. "INTRODUCTIONOffshoring administrative and technical work: New fields for understanding the global enterprise," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 40(6), pages 887-900, August.
  2. Arie Y Lewin & Silvia Massini & Carine Peeters, 2009. "Why are companies offshoring innovation? The emerging global race for talent," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 40(6), pages 901-925, August.
  3. Andrea Fernández-Ribas & Philip Shapira, 2009. "Technological diversity, scientific excellence and the location of inventive activities abroad: the case of nanotechnology," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 286-303, June.
  4. Heinze, Thomas & Shapira, Philip & Rogers, Juan D. & Senker, Jacqueline M., 2009. "Organizational and institutional influences on creativity in scientific research," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 610-623, May.
  5. Davide Consoli & Andrea Mina, 2009. "An evolutionary perspective on health innovation systems," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 19(2), pages 297-319, April.
  6. Kevin Albertson & Jonathan Aylen, 2009. "Long lags or seasonal mis-specification? A note on co-integration testing and the consumption function," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(3), pages 267-271.
  7. Andrew Gray & Jane Broadbent & Michaela Lavender & Fred Thompson & David Blunkett & Jonathan Aylen, 2009. "Editorial and Debates," Public Money & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(4), pages 203-208, July.
  8. John Foster & Stan Metcalfe, 2009. "Evolution and economic complexity: an overview," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(7), pages 607-610.
  9. Elvira Uyarra & Kieron Flanagan, 2009. "La relevancia del concepto ‘sistema regional de innovación’ para la formulación de la política de innovación," EKONOMIAZ, Gobierno Vasco / Eusko Jaurlaritza / Basque Government, vol. 70(01), pages 150-169.
  10. Elvira Uyarra & Kieron Flanagan, 2009. "Understanding the Innovation Impacts of Public Procurement," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(1), pages 123-143, June.
  11. Jan Y. Sand, 2009. "Efficiency in complementary partnerships with competition," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 30(1), pages 57-70.
  12. Øystein Foros & Hans Jarle Kind & Jan Yngve Sand, 2009. "Slotting Allowances and Manufacturers’ Retail Sales Effort," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 76(1), pages 266-282, July.
  13. Foros, Øystein & Kind, Hans Jarle & Sand, Jan Yngve, 2009. "Entry may increase network providers' profit," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(9), pages 486-494, October.
  14. Elvira Uyarra, 2009. "Conceptualizing the Regional Roles of Universities, Implications and Contradictions," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(8), pages 1227-1246, March.

2008

  1. Bleda, Mercedes & Shackley, Simon, 2008. "The dynamics of belief in climate change and its risks in business organisations," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2-3), pages 517-532, June.
  2. Jan Youtie & Philip Shapira, 2008. "Mapping the nanotechnology enterprise: a multi-indicator analysis of emerging nanodistricts in the US South," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 33(2), pages 209-223, April.
  3. Youtie, Jan & Shapira, Philip, 2008. "Building an innovation hub: A case study of the transformation of university roles in regional technological and economic development," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 1188-1204, September.
  4. Philip Shapira, 2008. "Putting Innovation in Place: Policy Strategies for Industrial Services, Regional Clusters, and Manufacturing SMEs in Japan and the United States," Prometheus, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(1), pages 69-87.
  5. Davide Consoli & Ronnie Ramlogan, 2008. "Out of sight: problem sequences and epistemic boundaries of medical know-how on glaucoma," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 31-56, February.
  6. Davide Consoli & Pier Paolo Patrucco, 2008. "Innovation Platforms And The Governance Of Knowledge: Evidence From Italy And The Uk," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(7-8), pages 699-716.
  7. Davide Consoli, 2008. "Systems of Innovation and Industry Evolution: The Case of Retail Banking in the UK," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(6), pages 579-600.
  8. John Metcalfe, 2008. "Accounting for economic evolution: Fitness and the population method," Journal of Bioeconomics, Springer, vol. 10(1), pages 23-49, April.
  9. Nick von Tunzelmann & Franco Malerba & Paul Nightingale & Stan Metcalfe, 2008. "Technological paradigms: past, present and future," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(3), pages 467-484, June.
  10. Albert Link & Stan Metcalfe, 2008. "Technology Infrastructure: Introduction To The Special Issue," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(7-8), pages 611-614.
  11. Metcalfe, Stan & Ramlogan, Ronnie, 2008. "Innovation systems and the competitive process in developing economies," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 433-446, May.
  12. Ronnie Ramlogan, 2008. "Institutional reform in American medical research," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 35(5), pages 373-374, June.
  13. Laranja, Manuel & Uyarra, Elvira & Flanagan, Kieron, 2008. "Policies for science, technology and innovation: Translating rationales into regional policies in a multi-level setting," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 823-835, June.
  14. Ian Miles & Rafael Popper, 2008. "Information Society Technologies and Europe's Objectives," Foresight-Russia, National Research University Higher School of Economics, vol. 2(1), pages 52-59.
  15. Ian Miles, 2008. "Scenarios and Road Mapping for KeyTechnologies: Flood and Coastal Defence in Great Britain," Foresight-Russia, National Research University Higher School of Economics, vol. 2(4), pages 50-59.
  16. Miozzo, Marcela & Grimshaw, Damian, 2008. "Service multinationals and forward linkages with client firms: The case of IT outsourcing in Argentina and Brazil," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 8-27, February.
  17. John Rigby & Keith Julian & Derrick F Ball, 2008. "Characterisation and measurement methods for author productivity and research vitality: a study of the R&D management field," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(1), pages 59-69, March.

2007

  1. Philip Shapira & Jan Youtie, 2007. "Learning to Innovate: Building Regional Technology Development Learning Networks in Midsized Cities," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(9), pages 1207-1228, May.
  2. Consoli, Davide, 2007. "Services and systemic innovation: a cross-sectoral analysis," Journal of Institutional Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(01), pages 71-89, April.
  3. Mina, A. & Ramlogan, R. & Tampubolon, G. & Metcalfe, J.S., 2007. "Mapping evolutionary trajectories: Applications to the growth and transformation of medical knowledge," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 789-806, June.
  4. J. Stanley Metcalfe, 2007. "Alfred Marshall's Mecca: Reconciling the Theories of Value and Development," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 83(s1), pages S1-S22, 09.

2006

  1. Shapira, Philip & Youtie, Jan & Yogeesvaran, K. & Jaafar, Zakiah, 2006. "Knowledge economy measurement: Methods, results and insights from the Malaysian Knowledge Content Study," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 1522-1537, December.
  2. J. Metcalfe, 2006. "Book Review: Ulrich Witt. 2003. The Evolving Economy: Essays on the Evolutionary Approach to Economics. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, ix+405 pp. $125.00," Journal of Bioeconomics, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 95-99, 04.
  3. J. Stan Metcalfe & John Foster & Ronnie Ramlogan, 2006. "Adaptive economic growth," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 30(1), pages 7-32, January.
  4. John Stanley Metcalfe & Ronnie Ramlogan, 2006. "Creative Destruction and the Measurement of Productivity Change," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 97(5), pages 373-397.
  5. Metcalfe, J. Stanley, 2006. "Innovation and the Conditions of Economic Progress," Economic Analysis and Policy (EAP), Queensland University of Technology (QUT), School of Economics and Finance, vol. 36(1-2), pages 1-12, March/Sep.
  6. Jeremy Howells & Bruce Tether & Deborah Cox & John Rigby, 2006. "Information technology research in the UK: perspectives on services research and development, and systems of innovation," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(1), pages 17-31, February.

2005

  1. Bosworth, Derek & Massini, Silvia & Nakayama, Masako, 2005. "Quality change and productivity improvement in the Japanese economy," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 1-23, January.
  2. Massini, Silvia & Lewin, Arie Y. & Greve, Henrich R., 2005. "Innovators and imitators: Organizational reference groups and adoption of organizational routines," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(10), pages 1550-1569, December.
  3. Mercedes Bleda, 2005. "Book review," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 15(5), pages 583-589, November.
  4. Consoli, Davide, 2005. "The dynamics of technological change in UK retail banking services: An evolutionary perspective," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 461-480, May.
  5. Consoli, Davide, 2005. "Technological cooperation and product substitution in UK retail banking: the case of customer services," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 199-215, March.
  6. J.S. Metcalfe, 2005. "Ed Mansfield and the Diffusion of Innovation: An Evolutionary Connection," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 30(2_2), pages 171-181, 01.
  7. Metcalfe, J.S. & James, Andrew & Mina, Andrea, 2005. "Emergent innovation systems and the delivery of clinical services: The case of intra-ocular lenses," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 1283-1304, November.
  8. Metcalfe, J.S. & Ramlogan, R., 2005. "Competition and the regulation of economic development," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(2-3), pages 215-235, May.
  9. Foros, Oystein & Jarle Kind, Hans & Yngve Sand, Jan, 2005. "Do internet incumbents choose low interconnection quality?," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 149-164, March.
  10. Miozzo, Marcela & Grimshaw, Damian, 2005. "Modularity and innovation in knowledge-intensive business services: IT outsourcing in Germany and the UK," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 1419-1439, November.
  11. Andrew D James & Deborah Cox & John Rigby, 2005. "Testing the boundaries of public private partnership: the privatisation of the UK Defence Evaluation and Research Agency," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 32(2), pages 155-161, April.
  12. Rigby, J. & Edler, J., 2005. "Peering inside research networks: Some observations on the effect of the intensity of collaboration on the variability of research quality," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 784-794, August.
  13. John Rigby, 2005. "Handcrafted by 16 men: The impact of single and multiple authorship in collaborative research networks," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(3), pages 199-206, December.

2004

  1. Silvia Massini, 2004. "The diffusion of mobile telephony in Italy and the UK: an empirical investigation," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(3), pages 251-277.
  2. J. Metcalfe, 2004. "Tribute to Mark Perlman," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 117-118, 06.
  3. J. Metcalfe, 2004. "The entrepreneur and the style of modern economics," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 157-175, 06.
  4. Harvey Mark & Metcalfe Stan, 2004. "The Ordering of Change: Polanyi, Schumpeter and the Nature of The Market Mechanism," Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines, De Gruyter, vol. 14(2), pages 1-31, December.
  5. Sand, Jan Y., 2004. "Regulation with non-price discrimination," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 22(8-9), pages 1289-1307, November.
  6. Hsin-Ting Huang & Marcela Miozzo, 2004. "Patterns of technological specialisation in Latin American and East Asian countries: an analysis of patents and trade flows," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(7), pages 615-653.

2003

  1. Philip Shapira & Jan Youtie & Sushanta Mohapatra, 2003. "Linking research production and development outcomes at the regional level," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(2), pages 105-116, August.
  2. Albertson, Kevin & Aylen, Jonathan, 2003. "Forecasting the behaviour of manufacturing inventory," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 299-311.
  3. Bruce S. Tether & J. Stan Metcalfe, 2003. "Horndal at Heathrow? Capacity creation through co-operation and system evolution," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(3), pages 437-476, June.
  4. John Stanley Metcalfe, 2003. "Industrial Growth and the Theory of Retardation. Precursors of an Adaptive Evolutionary Theory of EconomicChange," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 54(2), pages 407-431.

2002

  1. Massini, Silvia & Lewin, Arie Y. & Numagami, Tsuyoshi & Pettigrew, Andrew M., 2002. "The evolution of organizational routines among large Western and Japanese firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(8-9), pages 1333-1348, December.
  2. Derek Bosworth & Silvia Massini & Masako Nakayama, 2002. "special issue: The role of innovation and quality change in Japanese economic growth," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 135-162.
  3. J. Metcalfe, 2002. "On the Optimality of the Competitive Process: Kimura's Theorem and Market Dynamics," Journal of Bioeconomics, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 109-133, May.
  4. J.S. Metcalfe, 2002. "special issue: Knowledge of growth and the growth of knowledge," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 3-15.
  5. Stanley J. Metcalfe, 2002. "special issue: Introduction to the special issue: Change, Transformation and Development," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 1-1.
  6. Nathalie Moncel & Stan Metcalfe, 2002. "Introduction - Le marché et l'organisation des échanges," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 101(1), pages 9-10.
  7. Øystein Foros & Bjørn Hansen & Jan Sand, 2002. "Demand-side Spillovers and Semi-collusion in the Mobile Communications Market," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 2(3), pages 259-278, September.
  8. Miozzo, Marcela & Dewick, Paul, 2002. "Building competitive advantage: innovation and corporate governance in European construction," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 989-1008, August.

2001

  1. Shapira, Philip & Klein, Hans & Kuhlmann, Stefan, 2001. "Innovations in European and US innovation policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 869-872, June.
  2. Shapira, Philip, 2001. "US manufacturing extension partnerships: technology policy reinvented?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 977-992, June.
  3. Metcalfe, J S, 2001. "Institutions and Progress," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(3), pages 561-86, September.
  4. Burton, M. P. & Metcalfe, J. S. & Smith, V. H., 2001. "Innovation and the demand for food and drug labelling regulation in an evolutionary model of industry dynamics," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 457-477, December.
  5. J.S. Metcalfe, 2001. "special issue: Consumption, preferences, and the evolutionary agenda," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 37-58.
  6. Martin Currie & Stan Metcalfe, 2001. "Firm routines, customer switching and market selection under duopoly," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 11(4), pages 433-456.
  7. Luke Georghiou & Kieron Flanagan & Peter Halfpenny, 2001. "Benchmarking the provision of scientific equipment," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(4), pages 303-311, August.
  8. Tether, Bruce S. & Hipp, Christiane & Miles, Ian, 2001. "Standardisation and particularisation in services: evidence from Germany," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(7), pages 1115-1138, August.

2000

  1. Pettigrew, Andrew & Massini, Silvia & Numagami, Tsuyoshi, 2000. "Innovative forms of organising in Europe and Japan," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 259-273, June.
  2. Kieron Flanagan, 2000. "Comprehensive coverage," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 27(6), pages 462-463, December.

1999

  1. Youtie, Jan & Bozeman, Barry & Shapira, Philip, 1999. "Using an evaluability assessment to select methods for evaluating state technology development programs: the case of the Georgia Research Alliance," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 55-64.
  2. Albertson, Kevin & Aylen, Jonathan, 1999. "Forecasting using a periodic transfer function: with an application to the UK price of ferrous scrap," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 409-419, October.
  3. Ian Miles, 1999. "Foresight and Services: Closing the Gap?," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(2), pages 1-27, April.

1998

  1. Tether, B S & Massini, S, 1998. " Employment Creation in Small Technological and Design Innovators in the U.K. during the 1980s," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 11(4), pages 353-70, December.
  2. Mario Calderini & Stan Metcalfe, 1998. "Compound Learning, Neural Nets And The Competitive Process," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(4), pages 271-302.
  3. Kieron Flanagan, 1998. "Science, Technology and Society: An Introduction Martin Bridgstock, David Burch, John Forge, John Laurent and Ian Lowe Melbourne, Cambridge University Press, 1998, xii + 288 pp., AU$29.95, ISBN 0 521 ," Prometheus, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(4), pages 520-523.

1997

  1. Shapira, Philip & Kingsley, Gordon & Youtie, Jan, 1997. "Manufacturing partnerships: Evaluation in the context of government reform," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 103-112, February.
  2. Chris Birchenhall & Nikos Kastrinos & Stan Metcalfe, 1997. "Genetic algorithms in evolutionary modelling," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 7(4), pages 375-393.
  3. J. Stanley Metcalfe, 1997. "The Evolutionary Explanation of Total Factor Productivity Growth : Macro Measurement and Micro Process," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 80(1), pages 93-114.

1996

  1. Shapira, Philip & Roessner, J. David, 1996. "Evaluating industrial modernization: Introduction to the theme issue," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 181-183, March.
  2. Shapira, Philip & Youtie, Jan & Roessner, J. David, 1996. "Current practices in the evaluation of US industrial modernization programs," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 185-214, March.
  3. P Shapira & T Rephann, 1996. "The adoption of new technology in West Virgnia implications for manufacturing modernization policies," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 14(4), pages 431-450, August.
  4. Albertson, Kevin & Aylen, Jonathan, 1996. "Modelling the Great Lakes freeze: forecasting and seasonality in the market for ferrous scrap," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 345-359, September.
  5. Street, Penny & Miles, Ian, 1996. "Transition to alternative energy supply technologies : The case of windpower," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(5), pages 413-425, May.

1995

  1. Metcalfe, J S, 1995. "Economics, Organization, and Management: A Review," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(2), pages 491-97.
  2. Metcalfe, J S, 1995. "Technology Systems and Technology Policy in an Evolutionary Framework," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 25-46, February.
  3. J. Stan Metcalfe, 1995. "The Design of Order. Notes on Evolutionary Principles and the Dynamics of Innovation," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 46(6), pages 1561-1583.

1994

  1. Metcalfe, J S, 1994. "Evolutionary Economics and Technology Policy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 104(425), pages 931-44, July.
  2. Metcalfe, J. S. & Miles, Ian, 1994. "Standards, selection and variety: an evolutionary approach," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 6(3-4), pages 243-268, December.
  3. Metcalfe, J S, 1994. "Competition, Fisher's Principle and Increasing Returns in the Selection Process," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 4(4), pages 327-46, November.

1993

  1. Peter Halfpenny & Ian Miles, 1993. "Evaluating interdisciplinary social science initiatives: experiences from the UK," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(3), pages 134-150, December.

1992

  1. J. Stanley Metcalfe, 1992. "Variety, Structure and Change : an evolutionary perspective on the compétitive process," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 59(1), pages 46-61.
  2. Miles, Ian, 1992. "Into the 21st century: A handbook for a sustainable future: Brian Burroughs, Alan Mayne and Paul Newbury, 1992, (Adamantine Press, London), pp. 442, softback [UK pound]15.95, hardback[UK pound]32.50," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 637-637, December.
  3. Miles, Ian, 1992. "The next three futures: Paradigms of things to come: W. Warren Wagar, 1992,(Adamantine Press, London), pp.xxi + 165, [UK pound]13.95," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 637-639, December.
  4. Ducatel, Ken & Miles, Ian, 1992. "Internationalization of information technology services and public policy implications," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 20(12), pages 1843-1857, December.

1991

  1. Metcalfe, J. S., 1991. "Technological development as an evolutionary process: A study of the interaction of information, process, and control technologies : John Hagedoorn,Paull Kalff and Jaap Korpel, (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 275-276, June.
  2. Miles, Ian, 1991. "Spatial differentiation in the social impact of technology: the case of the Irish Republic : Dirk-Jan F. Kamann, (Avebury (Gower Publishing Group), Aldershot) xii + 314 pp., [UK pound]29.50," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 84-85, February.
  3. Ian Miles & Howard Rush & João Carlos Ferraz, 1991. "Tendências e implicações do uso de inovações modernizantes no Brasil," Nova Economia, Economics Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil), vol. 2(2), pages 77-90, November.
  4. Miles, Ian, 1991. "Office automation: The labour process and women's work in Britain : Juliet Webster, (Harvester Wheatsheaf, New York and London, 1990) pp. xiii + 141, [UK pound]9.95," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 276-277, June.

1988

  1. Jonathan Aylen, 1988. "Privatisation of the British Steel Corporation," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 9(3), pages 1-25, August.

1987

  1. Miles, Ian, 1987. "Time, goods and well-being : F. Thomas Juster and Frank P. Stafford (eds.), the institute for social research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 1985. pp. xii + 542," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 119-122, March.
  2. Miles, Ian, 1987. "Some observations on 'unemployment and health' research," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 223-225, January.

1986

  1. Miles, Ian, 1986. "Models of reality: Shaping thought and action : Jacques Richardson, ed, (Lomond, Mount Airey, MD, 1984) $22.95, pp. 328," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 256-256.

1984

  1. Saviotti, P. P. & Metcalfe, J. S., 1984. "A theoretical approach to the construction of technological output indicators," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 141-151, June.
  2. Gibbons, Michael & Hartley, Jill & Evans, Janet & Metcalfe, Stan & Simnett, Jonathan, 1984. "Technology and policy in cable TV development in the UK," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 223-235, September.

1983

  1. Metcalfe, J S & Hall, P H, 1983. "The Verdoorn Law and the Salter Mechanism: A Note on Australian Manufacturing Industry," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(41), pages 364-73, December.

1981

  1. Metcalfe, J. S. & Steedman, Ian, 1981. "On the transformation of theorems," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 267-271, May.
  2. Metcalfe, J S & Steedman, Ian, 1981. "Some Long- Run Theory of Employment, Income Distribution and the Exchange Rate," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 49(1), pages 1-20, March.
  3. Steedman, Ian & Metcalfe, J S, 1981. "On Duality and Basic Commodities in an Open Economy," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(36), pages 133-41, June.

1979

  1. Metcalfe, J. S. & Peel, D. A., 1979. "Inflation and output dynamics with a floating exchange rate," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 73-89, February.
  2. Peel, D A & Metcalfe, J S, 1979. "Divergent Expectations and the Dynamic Stability of Some Simple Macro Economic Models," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 89(356), pages 789-98, December.

1977

  1. Steedman, Ian & Metcalfe, J. S., 1977. "Reswitching, primary inputs and the Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson theory of trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 201-208, May.

1974

  1. Metcalfe, J S & Steedman, Ian, 1974. "A Note on the Gain from Trade," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 50(132), pages 581-95, December.

1973

  1. Steedman, Ian & Metcalfe, J S, 1973. "The Non-Substitution Theorem and International Trade Theory," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(21), pages 267-69, December.

1972

  1. Metcalfe, J S & Steedman, Ian, 1972. "Reswitching and Primary Input Use," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 82(325), pages 140-57, March.

1971

  1. Metcalfe, J S & Steedman, Ian, 1971. "Some Effects of Taxation in a Linear Model of Production," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 39(3), pages 171-85, September.

1970

  1. Metcalfe, J S, 1970. "Diffusion of Innovation in the Lancashire Textile Industry," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 38(2), pages 145-62, June.

Undated

  1. Youtie, Jan & Shapira, Philip & Laudeman, Greg, 0. "Supply, demand and ICT-based services: A local level perspective," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(6-7), pages 347-358, July.

Books

2006

  1. Miozzo, Marcela & Walsh, Vivien, 2006. "International Competitiveness and Technological Change," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199259243.

Chapters

1988

  1. Gerarld Silverberg & Stan Metcalfe & Brian Arthur & Robert Boyer, 1988. "Part VII - Formal Models," LEM Chapters Series, in: Giovanni Dosi & Christopher Freeman & Richard Nelson & Gerarld Silverberg & Luc Soete (ed.), Technical Change and Economic Theory, chapter 24, pages 528-630 Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.