Regional innovation systems revisited: networks, institutions, policy and complexity
AbstractDespite the popularity of the concept 'regional innovation system' (RIS) in the academic literature and in policy practice, multiple interpretations and uses of the term coexist. For instance while some scholars view RIS as subsystems of national or sector-based systems presenting particular spatial features, other portray them as smaller-scale versions of national systems (Lagendijk, 1999; Howells, 1999; Iammarino, 2005, Uyarra, 2010). Doloreux & Parto (2005) identify three dimensions of regional innovation systems, namely: the interactions between different actors in the innovation process, the role of institutions, and the use of regional innovation systems analysis to inform policy decisions. More generally, Werker & Athreye (2004) differentiate between micro and meso approaches explaining regional innovation; while the former concentrate on the entrepreneurial behaviour of innovative firms, the latter focus on the structural elements manifested in the institutional set-up of regional and industrial systems. Boschma & Frenken (2006) distinguish between institutional and evolutionary views to innovation and geography as alternatives to neoclassical views. Related literature on national innovation systems (NIS) is no less heterogeneous, with numerous usages and interpretations (Miettinen, 2002; Balzat & Hanusch, 2004; Sharif, 2006; Lundvall, 2007). Despite the popularity of the concept â€˜innovation systemâ€™ in the academic literature and in policy practice, the term itself remains ambiguous (Doloreux & Parto 2005; Uyarra, 2010). This fuzziness (Markusen, 2003), even â€˜black boxingâ€™ of the term, may have obscured certain aspects influencing regional development while overstating others (Uyarra & Flanagan, 2010).
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Public policies and local development in its series Openloc Working Papers with number 1113.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Regional systems of innovation; institutions; innovation policy;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- B52 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Institutional; Evolutionary
- R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
- O31 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-11-28 (All new papers)
- NEP-CSE-2011-11-28 (Economics of Strategic Management)
- NEP-GEO-2011-11-28 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-INO-2011-11-28 (Innovation)
- NEP-SBM-2011-11-28 (Small Business Management)
- NEP-URE-2011-11-28 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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