# Elsevier

# Economics Letters

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### 1993, Volume 42, Issue 2-3

**281-289 Economic natural selection***by*Blume, Lawrence E. & Easley, David**291-299 Perpetual randomness in evolutionary economics***by*Mailath, George J.**301-312 Evolutionary stability and efficiency***by*Sobel, Joel**313-319 Recent advances in evolutionary economics: comments***by*Samuelson, Larry

### 1993, Volume 42, Issue 1

**1-4 Tests of homogeneity and symmetry : Some simulation results***by*Lin, An-loh**5-13 Alternative covariance estimators of the standard Tobit model***by*Calzolari, Giorgio & Fiorentini, Gabriele**15-24 A note on the estimation of models with sample-selection biases***by*Nawata, Kazumitsu**25-30 Preference representation and randomization in principal-agent contracts***by*Arya, Anil & Young, Richard A. & Fellingham, John C.**31-36 The replacement principle in public good economies with single-peaked preferences***by*Thomson, William**37-42 Managerial incentive contracts with a production externality***by*Choi, Yoon K.**43-50 Turnovers and asymptotic behavior of workers***by*Felli, Leonardo**51-57 Relative price variability and inflation in an equilibrium price misperceptions' model : Evidence for the UK***by*Clare, A. D. & Thomas, S. H.**59-63 An alternative neo-classical growth model with closed-form decision rules***by*Huffman, Gregory W.**65-70 Currency substitution and the optimal inflation tax***by*Guidotti, Pablo E. & Vegh, Carlos A.**71-76 Test of the international equity integration of Japan***by*Hamori, Shigeyuki**77-80 Measuring the efficiency cost of wage taxation with uncertain labor productivity***by*Ramagopal, K. & Ramaswamy, Sunder**87-90 Time-dependent changes in gender-based promotion differences***by*Krowas, John C.**91-95 Equivalence of effluent taxes and permits for environmental regulation of several local monopolies***by*Requate, Till**97-103 Incomplete markets, firms and the projection hypothesis***by*Ventura, Luigi**105-110 A woman's labor participation and economic growth : Creativity, knowledge utilization and family preference***by*Zhang, Wei-Bin**111-116 Marine pollution and sport fishing quality : Using Poisson models as household production functions***by*Smith, V. Kerry & Liu, Jin Long & Palmquist, Raymond B.**117-119 Exhaustibility and the reserves/production ratio***by*Marks, Robert E. & Swan, Peter L.

### 1993, Volume 41, Issue 4

**339-343 Pre-test estimation in regression under absolute error loss***by*Giles, David E. A.**345-351 Residual based tests for cointegration : A Monte Carlo study of size distortions***by*Haug, Alfred A.**353-358 The CUSUM test based on least squares residuals in regressions with integrated variables***by*Wright, J. H.**359-362 Testing for cointegration : Power versus frequency of observation***by*Hooker, Mark A.**363-367 Effort levels in contests : The public-good prize case***by*Baik, Kyung Hwan**369-371 A generalization of an aggregate almost ideal demand system***by*Wang, Chin-lih**373-377 The measurement unit problem in estimating demand systems***by*Chung, Ching-Fan**379-383 Equilibria of generalized games with -majorized preference correspondences***by*Tan, Kok-Keong & Yuan, Xian-Zhi**385-390 The nature of transactions in the U.S. aggregate goods market***by*Rao, B. Bhaskara**391-397 Periodic, almost periodic and chaotic behaviour in Hicks' non-linear trade cycle model***by*Hommes, Cars H.**399-405 Income distribution and the contractionary effect of protection : A theoretical analysis***by*Marjit, Sugata & Kabiraj, Tarun**407-411 Is an enclave sector a cure for unemployment in LDCs?***by*Din, Musleh-ud**413-418 A novel test of the monetary approach using black market exchange rates and the Johansen-Juselius cointegration method***by*van den Berg, Hendrik & Jayanetti, Sanath C.**419-427 Sterling's ERM credibility : Did the dog bark in the night?***by*Rose, Andrew K.**429-434 Distributional equity and the pricing of public final and intermediate goods***by*Yang, C. C.**435-440 Rising incomes and the shift from self-employment to firm-based production***by*Schaffner, Julie Anderson**441-445 Price discrimination with transportation costs and arbitrage***by*Wright, Donald J.**447-450 How well do patents measure new product activity?***by*Devinney, Timothy M.**451-451 Interchangeability of equilibrium points in extensive games with complete information (Economics letters 30, no. 4, 1989, pp. 303-306)***by*Marchi, Ezio

### 1993, Volume 41, Issue 3

**225-229 Exact critical regions and confidence intervals for maximum likelihood estimators in the exponential regression model***by*Knight, John L. & Satchel, Stephen E.**231-234 A simple consistent specification test***by*Donald, Stephen G.**235-240 The translog approximate function : Substitution among inputs in manufacturing evaluated at sample means***by*Grant, James H.**241-245 The updating of input-output matrices a systematic survey***by*de Mello, L. Jnr. & Teixeira, J. R.**247-252 A note concerning a competitive equilibrium in the market for agents***by*Anglin, Paul M.**253-256 An alternative proof of uniqueness in non-cooperative bargaining***by*Houba, Harold**257-263 General equilibrium with producers and brokers : Existence and regularity***by*Jouini, Elyes & Kallal, Hedi**265-268 Choosing among alternative discrete investment projects under uncertainty***by*Dixit, Avinash**269-272 Relatively weak increases in risk and their comparative statics***by*Dionne, Georges & Eeckhoudt, Louis & Gollier, Christian**273-280 The fundamental principle of intertemporal optimization : Consumer behavior under recursive preferences***by*Hayakawa, Hiroaki & Ishizawa, Suezo**281-286 Credibility, smooth expectation and inflation persistence***by*Kim, Youngse**287-292 Fixed price controls and ad valorem distortions in an open economy***by*Chambers, Robert G. & Lopez, Ramon**293-299 Testing option pricing models for several contingent claims using a generalized methodology***by*Veld, Chris & Verboven, Adri**301-306 Small firm responses to changes in Federal Reserve margin requirements : Evidence from early data***by*Pruitt, Stephen W.**307-312 Truthful revelation in the Diamond and Dybvig banking environment***by*Alonso, Irasema**313-317 The budget deficit and the arbitrage pricing theory***by*Caporale, Tony & Thorbecke, Willem**319-324 On the interaction between efficiency wages and union-firm bargaining models***by*Sanfey, Peter J.**325-328 Patent and entry deterrence***by*Bae, Hyung**329-334 Small store presence in Japan***by*Carree, Martin A. & Potjes, Jeroen C. A. & Thurik, A. Roy**335-338 A note on endogenous risks and exhaustibility***by*Stahler, Frank

### 1993, Volume 41, Issue 2

**113-119 Uncertainty, bailouts, and the Kornai effect***by*Goldfeld, Stephen M. & Quandt, Richard E.**121-127 Two forms of workers' enterprises facing imperfect labor markets***by*Fehr, Ernst & Sertel, Murat R.**129-138 A comparison of alternative functional forms for the Lorenz curve***by*Chotikapanich, Duangkamon**139-143 Price adjustment and market structure***by*Martin, Christopher**145-147 Aggregate consumption behavior and the permanent income hypothesis***by*Michael Orszag, J. & Staroselsky, Ilya**149-155 The price of worker reliability***by*Coles, Melvyn G. & Treble, John G.**157-160 The Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek theorem with quasi-homothetic preferences***by*Torstensson, Johan**161-166 Cointegration among Southeast Asian and Japanese currencies: Preliminary evidence of a Yen bloc?***by*Aggarwal, Raj & Mougoue, Mbodja**167-170 Explaining foreign investment shares in LDC industry : Incorporating the policy factor***by*Aswicahyono, H. H. & Hill, Hal**171-177 Endogenous technical change and intra- and inter-industry quality competition***by*Wang, Yunjong**179-185 Price bubbles and crashes in experimental call markets***by*Van Boening, Mark V. & Williams, Arlington W. & LaMaster, Shawn**187-191 A note on the optimality of strict liability***by*Estrada, Javier**193-197 Partial compatibility and supporting services***by*Chou, Chien-fu & Shy, Oz**199-206 A Bertrand model of pricing and entry***by*Sharkey, William W. & Sibley, David S.**207-210 Macroeconomic uncertainty and private investment***by*Aizenman, Joshua & Marion, Nancy P. & Marion, Nancy P.**211-214 On the intertemporal allocation of a natural resource***by*Burt, Oscar R.**215-220 Testing for non-response and sample selection bias in contingent valuation : Analysis of a combination phone/mail survey***by*Whitehead, John C. & Groothuis, Peter A. & Blomquist, Glenn C.**221-224 A fall in construction costs can raise housing rents***by*Anas, Alex & Arnott, Richard J.

### 1993, Volume 41, Issue 1

**1-6 Some results on testing for stationarity using data detrended in differences***by*Schmidt, Peter**7-10 A method to select between periodic cointegration and seasonal cointegration***by*Franses, Philip Hans**11-16 Production risk, technical efficiency, and panel data***by*Kumbhakar, Sabul C.**17-20 Biases in frontier estimation due to heteroscedasticity***by*Caudill, Steven B. & Ford, Jon M.**21-24 The n-person Nash bargaining solution with time preference***by*Chae, Suchan**25-28 Errors in rational expectations matter***by*Borghans, Lex**29-33 A curvature condition ensuring uniqueness of Cournot equilibrium, with applications to comparative statics***by*Schlee, Edward E.**35-39 Productivity gaps and underemployment***by*Wathieu, Luc**41-45 On the role of generating functions when preferences are recursive***by*Hayakawa, Hiroaki & Ishizawa, Suezo**47-52 Unit root hypothesis, new classical and Keynesian models***by*Rao, B. Bhaskara**53-56 The effects of expected and unexpected inflation on the variability of relative prices***by*Lach, Saul & Tsiddon, Daniel**57-61 Monopolistic competition, technology shocks, and aggregate fluctuations***by*Devereux, Michael B. & Head, Allen C. & Lapham, Beverly J.**63-65 The transactions demand for cash by endowed institutions : An invariance result***by*Danziger, Leif**67-71 RTC activity and the 'missing M2'***by*Duca, John V.**73-79 Imperfect competition and crowding out : A comparison between a small open and closed economy***by*Chang, Wen-ya & Tsai, Hsueh-fang & Lai, Ching-chong**85-91 Schooling as a job search process***by*Fan, Chengze**93-98 On dynamic efficiency in a growth model with increasing returns***by*Kohn, Meir & Marion, Nancy**99-105 Threshold externalities and cyclical growth in a stylized model of capital accumulation***by*Futagami, Koichi & Mino, Kazuo**107-110 Optimal population size and endogenous growth***by*Palivos, Theodore & Yip, Chong K.**111-111 A grouped data semiparametric competing risks model with nonparametric unobserved heterogeneity and mover-stayer structure (Economics Letters 37, no. 3, pp. 279-285)***by*Moon, Choon-Geol**111-111 A note on the estimation of limited dependent variable models under rational expectations (Economics Letters 38, no. 1, pp. 17-23)***by*Donald, Stephen G. & Maddala, G. S.

### 1992, Volume 40, Issue 4

**379-381 Range vs. maximum in the OLS-based version of the CUSUM test***by*Kramer, Walter & Schotman, Peter**383-388 A Bayesian note on competing correlation structures in the dynamic linear regression model***by*Osiewalski, Jacek & Steel, Mark F. J.**389-396 A generalized test for perfect aggregation***by*Thompson, Gary D. & Lyon, Charles C.**397-401 Effects of data aggregation on the power of tests for a unit root : A simulation study***by*Choi, In**403-406 Estimation of a fixed effects bivariate censored regression model***by*Ai, Chunrong & Chen, Chaoying**407-411 Switching regressions and activity analysis: A new approach to frontier estimation***by*Ley, Eduardo**413-416 Biproportionality and optimal capital depletion***by*de Mello, L. Jnr.**417-421 Outside options in a bargaining model with decay in the size of the cake***by*Dalmazzo, Alberto**423-428 Stable disequilibrium prices***by*Heal, Geoffrey**429-434 Necessary conditions for comparative statics under uncertainty***by*Ormiston, Michael B. & Schlee, Edward E.**435-444 Changes in the behavior of output in the United Kingdom, 1856-1990***by*Leung, Siu-ki**445-447 A general theorem on tariff harmonization***by*Tsuneki, Atsushi**449-453 Are foreign exchange markets really efficient?***by*Alexander, C. O. & Johnson, A.**455-457 Exchange rates and target zone width***by*Werner, Alejandro M.**459-464 On the structural stability of preference parameters obtained from Japanese financial market data***by*Hamori, Shigeyuki**465-471 Debt, collateral, and renegotiation under moral hazard***by*Wong, Kit Pong**473-480 A note on the free rider problem in oligopoly***by*Appelbaum, Elie & Weber, Shlomo**481-485 Negative effects of competition in a medical-service market***by*Nett, Lorenz**487-489 Can a joint venture lessen competition more than a merger?***by*Nye, William**491-496 Brand/product innovation and the optimal length of trademark/patent protection***by*Veall, Michael R.

### 1992, Volume 40, Issue 3

**257-261 Testing for AR(p) against IMA(1, q) disturbances in the linear regression model***by*Silvapulle, Paramsothy**263-268 Granger-causality in cointegrated VAR processes The case of the term structure***by*Lutkepohl, Helmut & Reimers, Hans-Eggert**269-272 Estimating fixed and random effects models with selectivity***by*Zabel, Jeffrey E.**273-280 A note on the identifiability of a dynamic binary choice model with state dependence***by*McCall, Brian P.**281-285 Efficient investment through renegotiation of simple contracts***by*Chung, Tai-Yeong**287-290 Keeping up with the Joneses : Chaotic patterns in a status game***by*Rauscher, Michael**291-297 Substitution and complementarity with nested production***by*Anderson, R. K. & Moroney, J. R.**299-302 Incentive compatibility and competitive allocations***by*Jackson, Matthew O.**303-308 Inflationary expectations and rationality***by*Paquet, Alain**309-311 Fisher's relationship in a volatile world A note on Malliaris and Malliaris***by*Evans, Lewis & Okunev, John**313-318 Purchasing power parity over the modern float An application in higher order cointegration***by*Crowder, William J.**319-324 Interest rate parity and the exchange risk premium Evidence from panel data***by*Mayfield, E. Scott & Murphy, Robert G.**325-331 Further tests on the forward exchange rate unbiasedness hypothesis***by*Sosvilla-Rivero, Simon & Park, Young B.**333-338 An equivalence between the Kyle (1985) and the Glosten--Milgrom (1985) models***by*Krishnan, Murugappa**339-344 Market versus limit orders***by*Caballe, Jordi**345-351 The determinants of worksite health promotion***by*Kenkel, Donald & Supina, Dylan**353-357 Do means tested transfers reduce labor supply?***by*Steinberg Schone, Barbara**359-363 Profit sharing, unemployment and effort***by*Gonzalez, Pablo**365-371 Divide and conquer On the profitability of forming independent rival divisions***by*Polasky, Stephen**373-378 Forward and backward lags in a multi-sector model***by*Kaganovich, Michael

### 1992, Volume 40, Issue 2

**127-133 A Stein rule estimator which shrinks towards the ridge regression estimator***by*Harewood, Stephen I.**135-140 The logit model and panel data via repeated observations: A clarification and extension of the literature***by*Kelejian, Harry H.**141-146 A Hausman specification test based on root-N-consistent semiparametric estimators***by*Li, Qi & Stengos, Thanasis**147-153 Asymptotic normality of the instrumental variable estimates for ARIMA(p, m, q) processes***by*Choi, In**155-158 Estimation of GARCH process in the presence of structural change***by*Simonato, Jean-Guy**159-166 Time-varying parameters and nonconvergence to rational expectations under least squares learning***by*Bullard, James**167-172 Forward induction in coordination games***by*Cooper, Russell & De Jong, Douglas V. & Forsythe, Robert & Ross, Thomas W.**173-175 Sato's insight on the relationship between the Frisch 'parameter' and the average elasticity of substitution***by*Powell, Alan A.**177-180 A note on the application of the restricted generalised Leontief profit function***by*Bergman, Mats A. & Brannlund, Runar**181-185 Income distribution, efficient bargaining and market structure***by*Conyon, Martin J.**187-191 A characterization of the class of rationalizable equilibria of oligopoly games***by*Basu, Kaushik**193-196 The stock market premium, production, and relative risk aversion : A generalization***by*Cho, Jaeho**197-201 Revisiting minimum-quality standards***by*Chambers, Robert G. & Weiss, Michael**203-206 Economically rational expectations equilibrium***by*Crettez, Bertrand & Michel, Philippe**207-210 Does reducing the capital gains tax rate raise or lower investment?***by*McClure, J. Jr.**211-216 Output trends in EC countries and the implications for transition to monetary union***by*Serletis, Apostolos & Krichel, Thomas**217-221 A stochastic dominance analysis of trading losses from using sample estimates of the variance in the Black-Scholes model***by*Haim Levy & Yoder, James**223-228 Study duration and earnings: A test in relation to the human capital versus screening debate***by*Oosterbeek, Hessel**229-233 The effect of women's schooling on fertility***by*Sander, William**235-240 Efficiency wage model of adverse selection reconsidered***by*Wakita, Shigeru**241-246 Industry structure and compliance with environmental standards***by*Chua, Dale H. & Kennedy, Peter W. & Laplante, Benoit**247-250 A note on pioneering brands, market dominance and technology***by*Ju Choi, Chong & Scarpa, Carlo**251-255 Pollution, taxation, and strategic behaviour***by*Leung, Michael C. M.

### 1992, Volume 40, Issue 1

**1-6 The small sample properties of R2 in a misspecified regression model with stochastic regressors***by*Meepagala, Gaminie**7-11 Local asymptotic stability of optimal steady states***by*Huijberts, Henri & Withagen, Cees**19-22 Homothetic representation of regular non-homothetic preferences***by*Perroni, Carlo**23-26 Optimal liquidation rule and debt in the principal-agent model***by*Chang, Chun & Wang, Yijiang**27-32 Call market efficiency with simple adaptive learning***by*Cason, Timothy N.**33-37 On the sustainability of collusion in differentiated duopolies***by*Rothschild, R.**39-44 Far-sighted strong equilibrium and oligopoly***by*Li, Shuhe**45-55 The Nash bargaining solution manipulated by pre-donations is Talmudic***by*Sertel, Murat R.**57-60 A simple characterization of the uniform rule***by*Ching, Stephen**61-66 Condorcet efficiency of simple voting rules for large electorates***by*Gehrlein, William V.**67-70 Functional forms and multivariate risk independence***by*Horbulyk, Theodore M.**71-75 Endogenous capital utilization and the q theory of investment***by*Motahar, Eshragh**77-82 A simple model of buybacks***by*Choi, Chong J. & Maldoom, Daniel**83-89 Target zones and the distribution of exchange rates: An estimation method***by*Chen, Zhaohui & Giovannini, Alberto**91-95 Optimal hedging and spreading in cointegrated markets***by*Lien, Da-Hsiang Donald**97-104 The volatility of asset prices in a stochastic production economy***by*Hahm, Sangmoon**105-112 International evidence for the predictability of bond and stock returns***by*Clare, A. D. & Thomas, S. H.**113-117 Capital gains tax policy and the behavior of common stock returns***by*Noronha, Gregory & Ferris, Stephen P.**119-123 Two remarks on the equilibrium analysis of horizontal merger***by*Cheung, Francis K.**125-125 Are rational expectations really rational?***by*Benassy, Jean-Pascal

### 1992, Volume 39, Issue 4

**377-380 Equilibrium steady-state price distributions***by*Burdett, Kenneth**381-385 The relative importance of aggregate and sector-specific shocks at explaining aggregate and sectoral fluctuations***by*Jimeno, Juan F.**387-390 A new equilibrium existence theorem***by*Kim, Won Kyu**391-394 Dynamic duopolies with non-convex adjustment costs***by*Miguel Villas-Boas, J.**395-399 Monotonic solutions for bargaining problems with claims***by*Bossert, Walter**401-404 From a theorem of Radner***by*Liu, Chongshan**405-408 Mathematical induction applied of Leontief systems***by*Xie, Danyang**409-413 Limitations of the revelation principle***by*Haller, Hans**415-418 Is perfect information perfectly useless?***by*King, Stephen P.**419-423 Cost observation, auditing and limited liability***by*Lawarree, Jacques P. & Van Audenrode, Marc A.**425-429 Diversification in parametric rational expectations economies***by*Noe, Thomas H. & Ramamurtie, Buddhavarapu Sailesh**431-435 Forecasting turning points : Is a two-state characterization of the business cycle appropriate?***by*Emery, Kenneth M. & Koenig, Evan F.**443-448 Defense spending cutbacks and real interest rates in the neoclassical one-sector and two-sector models***by*Hoon, Hian Teck**449-453 A note on redistributions and gains from trade***by*Cordella, Tito & Ventura, Luigi**461-465 Securities markets with increasing numbers of traders***by*Heal, Geoffrey**467-471 A note on the valuation of contingent claims***by*Dilworth, S. J.**473-477 Optimal hedging by firms with multiple sources of risky revenues***by*Zilcha, Itzhak & Broll, Udo