# Elsevier

# Economics Letters

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### 1989, Volume 29, Issue 4

**333-338 Bank failures as Poisson variates***by*Davutyan, Nurhan**339-344 Are survey forecasts trusted? : American trade account deficit and yen/dollar rate***by*Wakita, Shigeru**345-347 Theoretical foundations of constant-proportion portfolio insurance***by*Kingston, Geoffrey**349-351 A causality-effect between bid premium and outcome of tender offer***by*Zissu, Anne-Marie & Stone, Charles Austin**353-359 Manufacturing margins : Differences between small and large firms***by*Thurik, A. R. & Van Der Hoeven, W. H. M.**361-364 The wiles test revisited***by*Arabsheibani, Gholamreza**365-371 The structure of adjustment costs for labour in the Dutch manufacturing sector***by*Pfann, Gerald A. & Verspagen, Bart**373-378 Migration and job search in a dualistic economy : A Todaro-Stigler synthesis***by*Mohtadi, Hamid**379-381 A note on mechanization and wage bargaining***by*Moene, Karl Ove

### 1989, Volume 29, Issue 3

**199-203 Uncertain monopoly rent and the social cost of rent seeking***by*Fabella, Raul V.**205-208 Competition between and within teams : The Lifeboat Principle***by*Farrell, Joseph & Lander, Eric**209-213 The demand theory of the weak axioms of revealed preference***by*Hildenbrand, Werner & Jerison, Michael**215-220 The max-min solution for variable threat games***by*Lahiri, Somdeb**221-223 Testing for the length of a distributed lag with a differencing transformation***by*Burt, Oscar R.**225-230 A note on the distribution of the least squares estimator of a random walk with drift***by*Hylleberg, Svend & Mizon, Grayham E.**231-235 Ranking mobility matrices***by*Conlisk, John**237-241 Contagion effect on sovereign interest rate spreads***by*Doukas, John**243-248 Perfect option hedging and the hedge ratio***by*Muller, Sigrid M.**249-251 Volatility-invariant hedging***by*Shaffer, Sherrill**253-255 The information content of post tender offer movement in the price of target shares***by*Zissu, Anne-Marie**257-264 Individual versus social discount rates in allocating depletable natural resources over time***by*Pope, C. III & Perry, Greg**265-269 Insiders and outsiders and efficient asymmetric information contracts***by*Black, J. M. & Bulkley, George**271-273 The statistical structure of real-income changes***by*Theil, Henri & Narduzzi, Susan A.**275-277 On the estimation of localization economies***by*McDonald, John F.

### 1989, Volume 29, Issue 2

**103-107 Quick responses in duopoly ensure monopoly pricing***by*Bhaskar, V.**109-113 On controlling the maintenance of durable goods when contractual enforcement is costly***by*Heimert, A. Michael**115-120 Public debt, voluntary intergenerational transfers and overlapping generations***by*Lopez-Garcia, Miguel-Angel**121-125 Manipulation of the Pareto semi-optimal rule***by*Treglia, Michael**127-128 Equivalent variation with uncertain prices***by*Scotchmer, Suzanne**129-133 A simulation model of saving, residential choice, and bequests of the Japanese elderly***by*Dekle, Robert**135-139 Inflation and relative price variability in Yugoslavia***by*Jurkovic, Lidija**141-145 Four tests for the random walk hypothesis : Power versus robustness***by*Handa, Jagdish & Ma, Barry K.**147-152 Small sample properties of modified Prais-Winston estimators in hypothesis testing in a linear model with ar(1) errors***by*Hashimoto, Noriko**153-156 On approximating the minimum risk estimator in linear regression models***by*Srivastava, A. K. & Tracy, D. S.**157-161 A many good, many person, Corlett-Hague tax rule***by*Gordon, James P. F.**163-166 An empirical study of optimal taxation on Australian financial institutions***by*Van Hoa, Tran & Reece, B. F.**167-171 Central bank intervention with sample selection : Japan 1977-1979***by*Davutyan, Nurhan**173-177 Endogenous monitoring intensity, the period of contractual precommitment, and the slope of the wage-earnings profile***by*Arvan, Lanny**179-182 Market structures, price-cost margins, and unionism : An empirical note***by*Ghosal, Vivek**183-187 A new approach to the economic inequality based upon the permanent income hypothesis***by*Fukushige, Mototsugu**189-193 The distribution of lifetime earnings***by*Nelissen, J. H. M.**195-197 Imprecise testing and endogenous limits to bonds***by*Perri, Timothy

### 1989, Volume 29, Issue 1

**1-6 Zero time preference with discounting***by*Buckholtz, P. & Hartwick, J.**7-11 Is there a conflict between authors and publishers over royalty terms?***by*Gemmell, Norman**13-19 Multivariate decisions with unknown price vector***by*Muliere, Pietro & Scarsini, Marco**21-26 Simple games of market manipulation***by*Vila, Jean-Luc**27-30 An arbitrariness-free method of detecting structural changes***by*Akiba, Hiroya & Waragai, Tomoki**31-35 On the calculation of the information matrix test in the normal linear regression model***by*Hall, Alastair**37-41 Repeated lending and business fluctuations : A note***by*Kendall, Sarah B.**43-47 Debt neutrality, Professor Vickrey and Henry George's 'single tax'***by*Buiter, Willem H.**49-55 Who profits from taxpayer confusion?***by*Scotchmer, Suzanne**57-62 Is greater exchange rate flexibility stabilizing? : Some evidence from US data***by*Kim, Yoonbai**63-68 Foreign exchange market efficiency and cointegration : Some evidence from the recent float***by*MacDonald, Ronald & Taylor, Mark P.**69-75 Firms' fiscal years, size and industry***by*Huberman, Gur & Kandel, Shmuel**77-81 Vertical integration in a spatial setting : Inplications of the successive monopoly distortion***by*Reiffen, David & Levy, David T.**83-86 Predatory entrapment***by*Shaffer, Sherrill**87-90 Individual overtime functions with double correction for selectivity bias***by*Hubler, Olaf**91-94 On-the-job leisure-income tradeoffs : A test of rational behavior***by*Singh, Harinder & Gerber, Jim**95-98 Establishment size, public administration and government wage differentials***by*Belman, Dale & Heywood, John S.**99-102 Wage discrimination by race and gender in the public and private sectors***by*Heywood, John S.

### 1988, Volume 28, Issue 4

**295-299 Dualistic economic structure and money non-neutrality***by*Salsecci, Gianluca**301-306 Derived strengths of preference relations on coordinates***by*Wakker, Peter**307-310 A characterization of simple majority rule for restricted domains***by*Campbell, Donald E.**311-314 Working stocks and speculative stocks***by*Lowry, M. Newton**315-320 Farmer education and economic efficiency : Northern farms in 1860***by*Grabowski, Richard & Pasurka, Carl**321-325 Further turnpike properties for general capital accumulation games***by*Dockner, Englebert J. & Takahashi, Harutaka**327-329 The variability of inflation : A new approach and some new empirical evidence***by*Bairam, Erkin**331-334 The effect of inflationary pressure on government expenditure***by*Opler, Tim C.**335-341 A test for spatial autocorrelation in seemingly unrelated regressions***by*Anselin, Luc**343-349 Using bivariate autoregressive representations in testing exact expectations relations***by*Levy, E. & Nobay, A. R.**351-355 The necessary and sufficient conditions for the uniform dominance of the two-stage stein estimators***by*Van Hoa, Tran & Chaturvedi, A.**357-360 A direction of bias result for the standard errors of a sequential least squares single equation rational expectations estimator***by*Stewart, Kenneth G.**361-364 The oligopoly solution tested***by*Alexander, Donald L.**365-368 Effects of social security on personal saving***by*Lee, Maw Lin & Chao, Shu-Wen**369-374 Optimum tariff and its optimum revenue distribution***by*Chang, Winston W. & Michael, Michael S.**375-379 Life-cycle saving and comparative advantage in the long run***by*Matsuyama, Kiminori**381-385 A note on increasing returns to advertising***by*Dominique, C. Rene**387-390 Different selling strategies in Bertrand oligopoly***by*Doyle, Christopher**391-395 Implementation in dynamic job transfers***by*Ma, Ching-to Albert

### 1988, Volume 28, Issue 3

**205-208 Complete irreflexive preferences : A definition***by*Gay, Antonio & Modica, Salvatore**209-213 The sensitivity of consumer search to wages***by*Anglin, Paul M.**215-219 Betting bias in 'exotic' bets***by*Asch, Peter & Quandt, Richard E.**221-223 The unique perfect equilibrium of an n-person bargaining game***by*Chae, Suchan & Yang, Jeong-Ae**225-230 Some international evidence on inventory fluctuations***by*Fukuda, Shin-ichi & Teruyama, Hiroshi**231-234 State-space estimates of international business cycles***by*Gerlach, Stefan & Klock, John**235-238 Interest rates and budget deficits : Cross-country evidence from the period 1924-1938***by*Viren, Matti**239-241 Inflationary expectations and policy preferences***by*Webley, Paul & Eiser, J. Richard & Spears, Russell**243-246 An index of prices and taxes : Spain 1981-1987***by*Abadia, Antonio**247-250 Information gathering and cost of living differences among searchers***by*Anglin, Paul M. & Baye, Michael R.**251-254 Margin requirements and stock market volatility***by*Ferris, Stephen P. & Chance, Don M.**255-258 Risk aversion and stock price volatility when dividends are difference stationary***by*Salyer, Kevin D.**259-262 Long-run limits on the US Federal debt***by*Kremers, Jeroen J. M.**263-268 Exchange rate variability and wage formation in open economies***by*Andersen, Torben M. & Sorensen, Jan Rose**269-272 Simulating currency substitution bias***by*Boon, Martin & Kool, Clemens & De Vries, Casper**273-276 Insurance provision under a solvency requirement***by*Hoy, Michael**277-280 Devaluation and non-traded goods in a labor migration model***by*Feldman, David H.**281-284 Self-employment and married women***by*Macpherson, David A.**285-290 Self-selection bias in longitudinal estimation of wage gaps***by*Solon, Gary**291-293 Growth and equity in Sri Lanka 1963-1982***by*Divisekera, S. & Felmingham, B. S.

### 1988, Volume 28, Issue 2

**105-108 Tied-in credit with a monopoly product market***by*Besley, Timothy**109-115 On multiplicity of consistent conjectures in free entry oligopoly***by*Tanaka, Yasuhito**117-121 Strategic renegotiation***by*Huberman, Gur & Kahn, Charles M.**123-127 An application of cremer's planning procedure to the optimal commodity taxation problem***by*Currier, Kevin M.**129-134 Bargaining and strategic search***by*McKenna, C. J.**135-139 Productivity and growth : Verdoorn's law revisited***by*Fase, M. M. G. & Van Den Heuvel, P. J.**141-146 Inflation and relative-price variability : Effect of temporal aggregation***by*Ram, Rati**147-150 The estimation of allocation models with autocorrelated disturbances***by*Giles, David E. A.**151-156 Optimal levels of significance of a pre-test in estimating the disturbance variance after the pre-test for a linear hypothesis on coefficients in a linear regression***by*Ohtani, Kazuhiro**157-161 The incompatibility of valued money and equilibrium policy***by*Loewy, Michael B.**163-168 A simple rule for managing the maturity structure of government debt***by*Rogers, Carol Ann**169-175 The technical efficiency of US banks***by*Rangan, Nanda & Grabowski, Richard & Aly, Hassan Y. & Pasurka, Carl**177-180 On interest rate innovations and anticipated monetary policy***by*Sephton, Peter S.**181-187 Explaining pay-as-you-go financed public pension systems***by*Verbon, H. A. A.**189-192 Public sector expansion in a mixed open economy with a real wage restriction***by*Nandakumar, Parameswar**193-197 The divergence of SIC industries from antitrust markets : Some evidence from price fixing cases***by*Werden, Gregory J.**199-203 Can event studies detect anticompetitive mergers?***by*McAfee, R. Preston & Williams, Michael A.

### 1988, Volume 28, Issue 1

**1-7 Memory and market stability : The case of the cobweb***by*Holmes, James M. & Manning, Richard**9-14 Inside money and real output***by*Lacker, Jeffrey M.**15-19 Ioffe's normal cone and the foundations of welfare economics: An example***by*Khan, M. Ali**21-25 Heterogeneous distribution of information and convergence to rational expectations equilibrium in a partial equilibrium model***by*Brusco, Sandro**27-31 Nash solution and timing of bargaining***by*Chun, Youngsub**33-35 Payoffs in generalized sequential bargaining games***by*Greenberg, Joseph**37-40 Multidimensional auctions***by*Thiel, Stuart E.**41-45 An agency theoretic explanation of capital flight***by*Jain, Arvind K.**47-51 Statistical model selection criteria***by*Yi, Gang & Judge, George**53-56 Stability analysis by means of modern linear systems theory***by*Nieuwenhuis, J. W.**57-61 Increasing the likelihood value by adding constraints***by*Levy, David**63-68 On the accuracy of the mean-variance approximation for futures markets***by*Newbery, David M.**69-73 Rational expectations in second moments, the J-curve, and the Harrod effect***by*Vannini, Marco E. C.**75-79 Risk-taking by firms near bankruptcy***by*Golbe, Devra L.**81-85 A new approach to modelling the effects of incomes policies***by*Lewis, Philip E. T. & Kirby, Michael G.**87-91 A note on the modelling of circular smallholder migration***by*Bigsten, Arne**93-96 Divergent trends in the discouragement of adult men, adult women, and teenagers: 1970-1986***by*Maloney, Tim & Ratti, Ronald A.**97-103 Generating conditional expectations from models with selectivity bias***by*Vella, Frank

### 1988, Volume 27, Issue 4

**305-310 Price fluctuations when only prices reveal information***by*Mirman, Leonard J. & Reisman, Haim**311-315 Probability calculations for transitivity of the simple majority rule***by*Gehrlein, William V.**317-319 A re-examination of Harrison's experimental test for risk aversion***by*Millner, Edward L. & Pratt, Michael D. & Reilly, Robert J.**321-325 Comparative risk aversion***by*Nielsen, Lars Tyge**327-331 Are productivity fluctuations due to real supply shocks?***by*Rudebusch, Glenn D.**333-335 On the rationality of the Michigan monthly survey of inflationary expectations***by*Baghestani, Hamid & Noori, Esmail**337-339 On the inadequacy of sufficient conditions under 'limited information' identification***by*Mallela, Parthasaradhi & Yoo, Sang-Hee**341-348 Tests of non-nested linear regression models subject to linear restrictions***by*Pesaran, M. H. & Hall, A. D.**349-354 A transformation for heteroscedastic error components regression models***by*Randolph, William C.**355-360 Velocity and the variability of money growth : Some international evidence***by*Chowdhury, Abdur R.**361-365 New tests of the theory of optimal seigniorage***by*Serletis, Apostolos**367-370 The long-run effects of income taxation under endogenous technical progress***by*Mino, Kazuo**371-373 Does conditional covariance or conditional variance explain time varying risk premia in foreign exchange returns?***by*Lee, Tom K.**375-379 Economic surprises and the behaviour of asset prices : Some analyses and further empirical results***by*Peel, David A. & Pope, Peter F.**381-385 Firm behavior in the rate design phase of the regulatory process***by*Snowberger, Vinson**387-390 A reformulation of the Harris-Todaro mechanism with endogenous wages***by*Moene, Karl Ove

### 1988, Volume 27, Issue 3

**205-208 Asymmetric equilibria in symmetric games with many players***by*Cabral, Luis M. B.**209-214 Communication, coordination and Nash equilibrium***by*Farrell, Joseph**215-221 Information dependent games : Can common sense be common knowledge?***by*Gilboa, Itzhak & Schmeidler, David**223-227 Precautionary saving and risk aversion : An anticipated utility approach***by*Segal, Uzi & Spivak, Avia & Zeira, Joseph**229-231 Dynamic specification and the demand for money function***by*Gupta, Kanhaya L. & Moazzami, Bakhtiar**233-238 Political business cycles in the parliamentary system***by*Ito, Takatoshi & Park, Jin Hyuk**239-244 Variability of inflation and the dispersion of relative prices : Evidence from the Chinese hyperinflation of 1946-1949***by*Quddus, Munir & Liu, Jin-Tan & Butler, J. S.**245-249 A simple model for heterogeneity in binary logit models***by*Beggs, John J.**251-255 On exact small sample properties of ordinary ridge estimators***by*Nomura, Masuo**257-263 Scale economies, perverse comparative statics results, the Marshallian stability and the long-run equilibrium for a small open economy***by*Ide, Toyonari & Takayama, Akira**265-270 Marshallian stability, long-run equilibrium and the pattern of specialization under factor-market distortions in the pure theory of international trade***by*Ide, Toyonari & Takayama, Akira**271-278 Partial revenue seeking and welfare***by*Yabuuchi, Shigemi**279-282 Optimal export subsidies and marginal cost differentials***by*Mai, Chao-cheng & Hwang, Hong**283-285 Interest rate determination in a small open economy : Singapore***by*Gupta, Kanhaya L.**287-292 Quality competition and threat of entry in duopoly***by*Hung, N. M. & Schmitt, Nicolas**293-297 Price vs. quantity competition in oligopoly supergames***by*Majerus, David W.**299-303 Testing the relevance of job search for job mobility***by*Hartog, Joop & Mekkelholt, Eddie & Van Ophem, Hans

### 1988, Volume 27, Issue 2

**105-110 Natural team sharing and team productivity***by*Fabella, Raul V.**111-115 Consistent conjectures equilibria: A reformulation showing non-uniqueness***by*Klemperer, Paul D. & Meyer, Margaret A.**117-121 A new parametric test for the structure of risk preferences***by*Pope, Rulon D.**123-127 Uniqueness of nash equilibrium points in bimatrix games***by*Quintas, Luis G.**129-132 Relation between inflation and relative-price variability in the United States: Evidence from data for the 1980s***by*Ram, Rati**133-140 Critical bounds for MA(2) and MA(3) processes***by*Lane, J. A. & Ceuppens, P. R. & Peel, D. A.**141-143 Autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity: A comparison of ARCH and random coefficient models***by*Wolff, Christian C. P.**145-150 A non-linear model of interdependent consumer behaviour***by*Gaertner, Wulf & Jungeilges, Jochen**151-154 A theorem regarding elasticities of the transactions demand for money***by*Milbourne, Ross**155-158 Money announcements and the risk premium***by*Fischer, Andreas**159-165 The impact of tax reform on investment and saving incentives in Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Japan***by*Daly, Michael J. & Mercier, Pierre & Schweitzer, Thomas**167-171 A note on optimal commodity taxation in India***by*Majumder, Amita**173-178 Determinants of the spread in a two-tier foreign exchange market***by*Flood, Robert & Marion, Nancy**179-182 On the separable industry performance evaluation function***by*Chakravarty, Satya R.**183-187 The trade union wage gap in Britain: Some new estimates***by*Green, Francis**189-193 The union wage profile of women: Potential vs. actual experience***by*Heywood, John S.**195-200 Distance functions and the comparison of development levels***by*Silber, Jacques & Berrebi, Z. M.**201-204 Measuring the size of revisions of regional data***by*Theil, Henri & Taylor, Carol A.

### 1988, Volume 27, Issue 1

**1-4 Note on equilibria without ordered preferences in topological vector spaces***by*Kajii, Atsushi**5-6 A note on an optimal garnishing rule***by*Dubey, P. & Shubik, M.**7-9 A limit theorem on the core***by*McKenzie, Lionel W.**11-14 The stability of Canadian macroeconomic data as measured by the largest Lyapunov exponent***by*Frank, Murray & Stengos, Thanasis**15-21 A characterization of employment distortions in labor contracts with asymmetric information***by*Abdalla, Adil E. A.**23-25 Dynamics sales discriminate against uninformed consumers in a competitive market***by*Fishman, Arthur**27-30 Rothschild-Stiglitz competitive insurance market under quasilinear preferences***by*Shi, Shou Yong**31-34 Are saving and investment co-integrated?***by*Miller, Stephen M.**35-40 Price inflation and wage inflation : A cause-effect relationship?***by*Fosu, Augustin Kwasi & Huq, Shamsul**41-45 Invariance of expected utilities in logit models***by*Anas, Alex & Feng, Cheng Min**47-53 Estimation of error variance in linear regression models with errors having multivariate student-t distribution with unknown degrees of freedom***by*Singh, Radhey S.**55-59 The non-optimality of the over-the-counter options dividend protection***by*Harpaz, Giora**61-65 The measurement of export instability : A methodological note***by*Tsui, Kai Yuen**67-71 The black market for foreign exchange : An international comparison***by*Fishelson, Gideon**73-77 A non-parametric test of a first-order Markov process for regimes in a non-cooperatively collusive industry***by*Berry, Steven & Briggs, Hugh