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The miracle as a randomization device: A lesson from Richard Wagner's romantic opera Tannhäuser und der Sängerkrieg auf Wartburg

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  • Harmgart, Heike
  • Huck, Steffen
  • Müller, Wieland

Abstract

In this paper we examine the strategic savviness of the medieval church as portrayed in Richard Wagner's Tannhäuser. We show that the church employed an optimal randomization strategy based on arguments of dominance or trembling-hand perfection. Particular attention is paid to the employed randomization device.

Suggested Citation

  • Harmgart, Heike & Huck, Steffen & Müller, Wieland, 2009. "The miracle as a randomization device: A lesson from Richard Wagner's romantic opera Tannhäuser und der Sängerkrieg auf Wartburg," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 102(1), pages 33-35, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolet:v:102:y:2009:i:1:p:33-35
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Brams Steven J., 1994. "Game Theory and Literature," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 32-54, January.
    2. Reinganum, Jennifer F, 1988. "Plea Bargaining and Prosecutorial Discretion," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(4), pages 713-728, September.
    3. Robert J. Aumann, 2003. "Risk aversion in the Talmud," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), pages 233-239.
    4. Aumann, Robert J. & Maschler, Michael, 1985. "Game theoretic analysis of a bankruptcy problem from the Talmud," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 195-213, August.
    5. Krugman, Paul, 1988. "Financing vs. forgiving a debt overhang," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 253-268, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Crettez, Bertrand & Deloche, Régis, 2013. "On experimental economics and the comparison between the last two versions of Molière's Tartuffe," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 66-72.

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